Volume 45, Issue 6 (November 2000)

    Improved Method for Shooting Distance Estimation. Part III. Bullet Holes in Cadavers

    (Received 16 November 1999; accepted 10 January 2000)

    CODEN: JFSOAD

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    Abstract

    An improved method to estimate firing distance on human body surfaces is described. The novel part of the method includes a chemical test in addition to the traditional visual and microscopic examinations of the gunshot wounds. This chemical test consists of a transfer of the gunpowder residues from the area of a gunshot wound to an adhesive lifter; the residues are then visualized as total nitrite after alkaline hydrolysis by the Modified Griess Test (MGT). When cadavers are in an advanced stage of decomposition or when gunshot wounds are in hairy areas, the information obtained by this chemical test can be crucial for shooting distance evaluation. In other cases it may improve the accuracy of the examination. In some cases, the results obtained by this test may assist in the discrimination between entrance and exit gunshot wounds.


    Author Information:

    Vinokurov, A
    Scientific officers, Toolmarks and Materials Laboratory, Division of Identification and Forensic Science, Israel Police National Headquarters, Jerusalem,

    Zeichner, A
    Assistant director for R&D, Division of Identification and Forensic Science, Israel Police National Headquarters, Jerusalem,

    Glattstein, B
    Scientific officers, Toolmarks and Materials Laboratory, Division of Identification and Forensic Science, Israel Police National Headquarters, Jerusalem,

    Kugel, C
    Forensic pathologist, National Center of Forensic Medicine, Tel-Aviv,

    Hiss, J
    Director, National Center of Forensic Medicine, Tel-Aviv,

    Levin, N
    Head of Toolmarks and Materials Laboratory, Division of Identification and Forensic Science, Israel Police National Headquarters, Jerusalem,


    Stock #: JFS14873J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS14873J

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    Author
    Title Improved Method for Shooting Distance Estimation. Part III. Bullet Holes in Cadavers
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30