Detecting Psychoactive Drugs in the Developmental Stages of Mushrooms

    Volume 45, Issue 3 (May 2000)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Page Count: 11


    Gross, ST
    Forensic Scientist, Minnesota Forensic Science Laboratory, St. Paul, Minnesota

    (Received 26 February 1999; accepted 23 August 1999)

    Abstract

    The following questions regarding the detection of psychoactive drugs in mushrooms are addressed: At what stage of the mushroom development can the psychoactive drugs psilocyn and psilocybin be identified, and what effect does light have on the growth of these mushrooms. To answer these questions, Psilocybe cyanescens Wakefield mushrooms were grown from their spores in a controlled setting. At various times of their development, samples were taken and analyzed for psilocyn and psilocybin. Knowing what stage of development the psychoactive drugs can be identified may be useful to law enforcement personnel and forensic chemists. Methanolic extracts of various samples were analyzed by TLC and by GC/MS. It was determined that the mycelium knot stage of the mushroom was the earliest stage at which the psychoactive drugs could be detected. It was observed that light affected the time of development and the appearance of these mushrooms.


    Paper ID: JFS14725J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS14725J

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    Author
    Title Detecting Psychoactive Drugs in the Developmental Stages of Mushrooms
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30