Volume 44, Issue 2 (March 1999)

    A Study of Illicit Cocaine Seizure Classification by Pattern Recognition Techniques Applied to Metal Data

    (Received 27 October 1997; accepted 6 July 1998)

    CODEN: JFSOAD

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF Version 6 $25   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    Fifteen metallic species, silver (Ag), aluminum (Al), calcium (Ca), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), sodium (Na), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), strontium (Sr) and zinc (Zn), were determined in 46 cocaine samples confiscated by the Spanish police in Galicia (northwest Spain). Classification of these cocaine samples according to their geographic origin (Colombia and Venezuela) was achieved by the application of pattern recognition techniques to the metallic content data. Cocaine samples, around 0.5 g, were directly dissolved in 2 mL of 35.0%(v/v) HNO3, diluted to 10 mL with ultrapure water. The metals were quantified by means of electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (Ag, Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb and Sr), flame atomic absorption spectrometry (Ca, Fe, Mg and Zn), and flame atomic emission spectrometry (K and Na). Results show that two geographic origins can be established through the presence of trace and major elements.


    Author Information:

    Bermejo-Barrera, AM
    University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela,

    Bermejo-Barrera, A
    University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela,

    Moreda-Piñeiro, A
    University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela,

    Moreda-Piñeiro, J
    University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela,

    Bermejo-Barrera, P
    University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela,


    Stock #: JFS14451J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS14451J

    ASTM International
    is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title A Study of Illicit Cocaine Seizure Classification by Pattern Recognition Techniques Applied to Metal Data
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30