Volume 44, Issue 1 (January 1999)

    Metal Contamination in Illicit Samples of Heroin

    CODEN: JFSOAD

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    Abstract

    We analyzed 198 illicit heroin samples from Andalusia (southern Spain) to determine the contents of various metals (cadmium, calcium, copper, iron, manganese and zinc) with a view to investigating a new aspect of the drug purity and the conditions under which the drugs are used by addicts. Calcium was found in 93.4% of the samples and always at high concentrations, which can be ascribed to adulteration of the heroin by addicts with thinners and excipients containing salts of this metal such as calcium bicarbonate. Also, all samples were found to contain variable amounts of zinc and substantial amounts of iron, probably because it is the most common metal found in metal containers used in the extraction of morphine from the opium poppy. Only cadmium and, to a lesser extent, zinc, copper, and iron, are among the metals detected in heroin that can increase the inherent toxicity of the drug while always taking into account the maximum values.


    Author Information:

    Luna, A
    Full professor, University of Murcia,

    Trujillo, D
    Senior lecturer, full professor, and assistant, University of Córdoba,

    Domínguez, E
    Senior lecturer, full professor, and assistant, University of Córdoba,

    Infante, F
    Senior lecturer, full professor, and assistant, University of Córdoba,


    Stock #: JFS14420J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS14420J

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    Author
    Title Metal Contamination in Illicit Samples of Heroin
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30