Volume 43, Issue 5 (September 1998)

    Identification of Cocaine Analytes in Fingernail and Toenail Specimens

    (Received 1 August 1997; accepted 30 December 1997)

    CODEN: JFSOAD

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 6 $25   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    Fingernail and toenail specimens were obtained from 18 suspected cocaine users. The nails were cut, heated under methanolic reflux, and the methanolic extracts were purified by solidphase extraction. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry was utilized for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of nine cocaine analytes. Comparison of conventional postmortem analysis of blood and urine with nail analysis revealed a marked increase in the detection of cocaine use by nail analysis. Cocaine analytes were present in 14 (82.3%) subjects utilizing nail analysis. Out of those 14 subjects, only 5 (27.7%) were positive by conventional postmortem drug analysis. Cocaine and benzoylecgonine were the predominant analytes in all positive nail specimens. Anhydroecgonine methyl ester, ecgonine methyl ester, ecgonine ethyl ester, cocaethylene, norcocaine, and norbenzoylecgonine were detected in a limited number of specimens. The ratio of cocaine to benzoylecgonine ranged from 2–10:1. These findings suggest that nails may be a useful alternative matrix for the detection of cocaine exposure.


    Author Information:

    Goldberger, BA
    Post doctoral fellow, graduate assistant, and assistant professor, Immunology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL

    Garside, D
    Post doctoral fellow, graduate assistant, and assistant professor, Immunology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL

    Ropero-Miller, JD
    Post doctoral fellow, graduate assistant, and assistant professor, Immunology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL

    Hamilton, WF
    Medical examiner, Eighth District Medical Examiner's Office, Gaimesville, FL

    Maples, WR
    The late distnguished service professor and founder of the C. A. Pound Human Identification Laboratory, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL


    Stock #: JFS14344J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS14344J

    ASTM International
    is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title Identification of Cocaine Analytes in Fingernail and Toenail Specimens
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30