Volume 43, Issue 4 (July 1998)

    Drugs and Driving in Vienna, Austria

    (Received 1 August 1997; accepted 5 November 1997)

    CODEN: JFSOAD

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    Abstract

    Drugs that affect the central nervous system are generally assumed to have the potential to impair driving ability. In a retrospective survey, police files and the results of toxicological urine analysis from drivers suspected of driving under the influence of drugs in Vienna from 1993 to 1996 were investigated. Decisive for police intervention was “unsafe driving” (swerving, hesitating, going too slowly, etc.), driving at high speed within the city limits, driving through red lights or stop signs, and driving at night without lights. In one-fifth of the cases drivers caused a traffic accident. Casting suspicion on driving under influence of drugs was mainly caused by impaired coordination of movements, bloodshot eyes, slurred speech, drowsiness, conspicuous behavior, and changed pupils. In the majority of the study population more than two symptoms were recorded by police. In 94% of the cases police suspicions could be confirmed by toxicological urine analysis.


    Author Information:

    Schneider, B
    University assistant, Institute of Medical Statistics, University of Vienna,

    Risser, D
    University professors, university assistant and research assistant, Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Vienna, Vienna,

    Bauer, G
    University professors, university assistant and research assistant, Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Vienna, Vienna,

    Stichenwirth, M
    University professors, university assistant and research assistant, Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Vienna, Vienna,

    Klupp, N
    University professors, university assistant and research assistant, Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Vienna, Vienna,

    Stimpfl, T
    University professors, university assistant and research assistant, Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Vienna, Vienna,

    Vycudilik, W
    University professors, university assistant and research assistant, Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Vienna, Vienna,


    Stock #: JFS14312J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS14312J

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    Author
    Title Drugs and Driving in Vienna, Austria
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30