Tissue Distribution of Ketamine in a Mixed Drug Fatality

    Volume 42, Issue 6 (November 1997)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Page Count: 3


    Levine, B
    Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Division of Forensic Toxicology, Rockville, MD

    Kilbane, EM
    Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Office of the Armed Forces Medical Examiner, Washington, DC

    Kunsman, GW
    Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Division of Forensic Toxicology, Rockville, MD

    Moore, KA
    Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Division of Forensic Toxicology, Rockville, MD

    Smith, M
    Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Division of Forensic Toxicology, Rockville, MD

    Jones, R
    Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Division of Forensic Toxicology, Rockville, MD

    (Received 13 December 1996; accepted 11 March 1997)

    Abstract

    While reports of ketamine abuse are increasing, reports of ketamine deaths and tissue concentrations associated with fatalities are rare. We report here a case of a mixed drug fatality involving ketamine and ethanol. Ketamine analysis was carried out by gas chromatography with a nitrogen-phosphorus detector (NPD). We found the following tissue concentrations: blood 1.8 mg/L; urine 2.0 mg/L; brain 4.3 mg/kg; spleen 6.1 mg/kg; liver 4.9 mg/kg, and kidney 3.6 mg/kg. The blood ethanol concentration was 170 mg/dL. Because an empty nalbuphine ampule was found in the possession of the deceased, the blood was assayed for this opioid compound using a gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) method. None was detected at a limit of detection of 0.02 mg/L.


    Paper ID: JFS14283J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS14283J

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    Author
    Title Tissue Distribution of Ketamine in a Mixed Drug Fatality
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30