Volume 42, Issue 4 (July 1997)

    Forensic Three-Dimensional Facial Reconstruction: Historical Review and Contemporary Developments

    (Received 20 August 1996; accepted 11 November 1996)

    CODEN: JFSOAD

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    Abstract

    Despite varied attempts to achieve standardization in traditional techniques and the promotion of some newly developed ones, facial reconstruction remains on the threshold between art and science. It is the point at which science ends and the medical illustrator takes over that has led to most reservations over this branch of forensic anthropology. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that many techniques of facial reconstruction are prima facie questionable and to illustrate some possible solutions to the problems which are currently being explored by the Facial Reconstruction Project at the University of Sheffield (UK). The review includes 15 responses to a questionnaire which was offered to facial reconstruction experts and related specialists. The use of 3D color laser scanning equipment, collection of tissue depth measurements from CT scans and the development of a computer system for 3D forensic facial reconstruction, are described.


    Author Information:

    Tyrrell, AJ
    University of Sheffield, Sheffield,

    Chamberlain, AT
    University of Sheffield, Sheffield,

    Green, MA
    University of Sheffield, The Medico-Legal Centre, Sheffield,

    Evison, MP
    University of Sheffield, The Medico-Legal Centre, Sheffield,


    Stock #: JFS14176J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS14176J

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    Author
    Title Forensic Three-Dimensional Facial Reconstruction: Historical Review and Contemporary Developments
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30