Volume 42, Issue 4 (July 1997)

    A Fully Three-Dimensional Method for Facial Reconstruction Based on Deformable Models

    (Received 15 July 1996; accepted 11 November 1996)

    CODEN: JFSOAD

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF Version 4 $25   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    Two facial models corresponding to two deceased subjects have been manually created and the two corresponding skulls have been dissected and skeletonized. These pairs of skull/facial data have been scanned with a CT scanner, and the computed geometric three-dimensional models of both skulls and facial tissue have been built. One set of skull/facial data will be used as a reference set whereas the second set is used as ground truth for validating our method. After a semi-automatic face-skull registration, we apply an original computing global parametric transformation T that turns the reference skull into the skull to be reconstructed. This algorithm is based upon salient lines of the skull called crest lines; more precisely the crest lines of the first skull are matched to the crest lines of the second skull by an iterative closest point algorithm. Then we apply this algorithm to the reference face to obtain the “unknown” face to be reconstructed. The reliability and difficulties of this original technique are then discussed.


    Author Information:

    Ollier, A
    Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, National Center of Scientific Research, Draguignan,

    Grévin, G
    Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, National Center of Scientific Research, Draguignan,

    Quatrehomme, G
    Forensic pathologist, Maître de Conférences des Universités, Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, Faculté de Médecine, Nice Cédex 2,

    Subsol, G
    Epidaure Group, National Institute for Research for Informatic and Automatic, Sophia-Antipolis,

    Delingette, H
    Epidaure Group, National Institute for Research for Informatic and Automatic, Sophia-Antipolis,

    Fidrich, M
    Epidaure Group, National Institute for Research for Informatic and Automatic, Sophia-Antipolis,

    Bailet, P
    Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, National Center of Scientific Research, Draguignan,

    Cotin, S
    Epidaure Group, National Institute for Research for Informatic and Automatic, Sophia-Antipolis,

    Garidel, Y
    Laboratory of Ethnology, Faculté des Lettres, Nice Cédex 2,


    Stock #: JFS14175J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS14175J

    ASTM International
    is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title A Fully Three-Dimensional Method for Facial Reconstruction Based on Deformable Models
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30