Volume 42, Issue 1 (January 1997)

    Fatal Ephedrine Intoxication

    (Received 31 March 1994; accepted 18 June 1996)

    CODEN: JFSOAD

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF Version 3 $25   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    A 28-year-old white female with a history of two prior suicide attempts was found dead in her home by her common law husband. Autopsy findings were unremarkable except for partially dissolved ephedrine tablets in the stomach contents. Quantitation of ephedrine was by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) following liquid/liquid extraction from alkaline samples and pentafluoropropionic acid derivatization. Significant toxicological finding included ephedrine; blood, 11 mg/L; liver, 24 mg/kg; kidney, 14 mg/kg; brain, 8.9 mg/kg; and amitriptyline; blood, 0.33 mg/kg; liver 7.8 mg/kg. The ephedrine values found far exceed those associated with therapeutic administration and are consistent with the few reported cases of severe ephedrine intoxication. The cause of death was determined to be fatal ephedrine intoxication and manner of death suicide.


    Author Information:

    Poklis, A
    Professor, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA

    Harvey, CM
    Forensic pathologist, Jefferson County Morgue, Beaumont, TX

    Tautman, D
    Laboratory director, toxicologists, Harrison Laboratories, Inc., Midland, TX

    Backer, R
    Laboratory director, toxicologists, Harrison Laboratories, Inc., Midland, TX

    Lowry, S
    Laboratory director, toxicologists, Harrison Laboratories, Inc., Midland, TX


    Stock #: JFS14089J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS14089J

    ASTM International
    is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title Fatal Ephedrine Intoxication
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30