Volume 41, Issue 3 (May 1996)

    Drug and Alcohol Use in Fatally Injured Drivers in Washington State

    (Received 22 May 1995; accepted 20 September 1995)

    CODEN: JFSOAD

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    Abstract

    Blood and/or urine from fatally injured drivers in Washington State were collected and tested for the presence of drugs and alcohol. Drug and/or alcohol use was a factor in 52% of all fatalities. Among single vehicle accidents, alcohol use was a factor in 61% of cases versus 30% for multiple vehicle accidents. Drugs most commonly encountered were marijuana (11%), cocaine (3%), amphetamines (2%), together with a variety of depressant prescription medications. Trends noted included an association of depressant use with higher blood alcohol levels, while marijuana use was associated with lower blood alcohol levels. Marijuana use was noted to be most prominent in the 15–30 year age group, stimulant use in the 21–40 year old group, and prescription depressant use was more prevelant in the 45+ age group. Drug use demographics in this population are consistent with those noted in other jurisdictions.


    Author Information:

    Logan, BK
    Toxicologist and Clinical Laboratory Assistant, University of Washington, Seattle, WA

    Schwilke, EW
    Toxicologist and Clinical Laboratory Assistant, University of Washington, Seattle, WA


    Stock #: JFS13945J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS13945J

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    Author
    Title Drug and Alcohol Use in Fatally Injured Drivers in Washington State
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30