Volume 41, Issue 1 (January 1996)

    A Survey and Comparison of Heroin Seizures in Israel During 1992 by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry

    (Received 25 November 1994; accepted 20 June 1995)

    CODEN: JFSOAD

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    Abstract

    During 1992, a survey was performed on heroin powder exhibits seized throughout Israel. The main objectives were to detect salt forms and additives and compare the powders for intelligence and investigation purposes. A total of 3817 exhibits were scanned by FTIR; five major groups were distinguished: heroin free base, heroin base with caffeine, heroin base with paracetamol (acetaminophen), heroin base containing both caffeine and paracetamol, and a mixture of heroin base, heroin HCl and caffeine. In addition, 419 exhibits collected during a two month period were compared amongst themselves and categorized into sub-groups based on the similarity of their spectra. Based on this data, it was possible to define 116 different sub-groups, of which 56 sub-groups contained from 2 to 47 samples. Of the total number of cases tested, 78% were in the weight range 1 mg-1 g, that is, user quantities. Results were tabulated on both a geographical and monthly basis. Differences were found in the distribution of additives between different geographical areas of the country.


    Author Information:

    Meirovich, L
    Forensic Scientist, Forensic Chemist, Computer Imager, and Intelligence Officer, Israel National Police Headquarters, Jerusalem,

    Ravreby, M
    Forensic Scientist, Forensic Chemist, Computer Imager, and Intelligence Officer, Israel National Police Headquarters, Jerusalem,

    Shapira-Heiman, O
    Forensic Scientist, Forensic Chemist, Computer Imager, and Intelligence Officer, Israel National Police Headquarters, Jerusalem,

    Levy, R
    Forensic Scientist, Forensic Chemist, Computer Imager, and Intelligence Officer, Israel National Police Headquarters, Jerusalem,


    Stock #: JFS13889J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS13889J

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    Title A Survey and Comparison of Heroin Seizures in Israel During 1992 by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30