Volume 40, Issue 3 (May 1995)

    Fatality Due to Gamma-Hydroxybutyric Acid (GHB) and Heroin Intoxication

    (Received 30 December 1993; accepted 13 September 1994)

    CODEN: JFSOAD

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    Abstract

    The first case of fatal intoxication due to ingestion of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) and intravenous use of heroin is reported. A 42-year-old man, known to have been a heroin addict and to have taken other psychoactive substances, who had been in treatment with GHB for several months, was found dead. Anatomohistopathologic examination showed generalized visceral congestion, edema and pulmonary anthracosis, chronic bronchitis and chronic active hepatitis. Toxicological findings included fluid and tissue distributions of GHB, morphine and 6-monoacetylmorphine. GHB and morphine concentrations were respectively 11.5 and 0.77 µg/mL (blood), 84.3 and 0.3 µg/mL (vitreous humor), 258.3 and 1.35 µg/mL (urine), 57.0 and 14.3 µg/mL (bile), 40.0 and 0.43 µg/g (brain), 43.0 and 0.60 µg/g (liver), 47.0 and 0.68 µg/g (kidney). Blood and urine levels of 6-monoacetylmorphine were 28.5 and 12.1 ng/mL respectively. The presumed mechanism of action and pharmacokinetics of GHB are briefly reviewed, with reference to its therapeutic use and to reports of non-fatal GHB intoxication.


    Author Information:

    Rossi, A
    Professor of Forensic Toxicology and Assistant Professors, Centre of Behavioural and Forensic Toxicology, Istituto Medicina Legale, University of Padova, Padova,

    Frison, G
    Professor of Forensic Toxicology and Assistant Professors, Centre of Behavioural and Forensic Toxicology, Istituto Medicina Legale, University of Padova, Padova,

    Tedeschi, L
    Professor of Forensic Toxicology and Assistant Professors, Centre of Behavioural and Forensic Toxicology, Istituto Medicina Legale, University of Padova, Padova,

    Ferrara, SD
    Professor of Forensic Toxicology and Assistant Professors, Centre of Behavioural and Forensic Toxicology, Istituto Medicina Legale, University of Padova, Padova,


    Stock #: JFS13816J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS13816J

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    Author
    Title Fatality Due to Gamma-Hydroxybutyric Acid (GHB) and Heroin Intoxication
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30