The Reliability of Skull/Photograph Superimposition in Individual Identification

    Volume 39, Issue 2 (March 1994)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Page Count: 10


    Austin-Smith, D
    Graduate Assistant, and Curator/Professor, C. A. Pound Human Identification Laboratory, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL

    Maples, WR
    Graduate Assistant, and Curator/Professor, C. A. Pound Human Identification Laboratory, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL

    (Received 11 June 1993; accepted 24 August 1993)

    Abstract

    The accuracy of video superimposition methods for identifying unknown human skulls was examined. Three identified human skulls were each compared to 97 lateral view and 98 frontal view “mug shot” photographs using two television cameras, an electronic signal mixer, and a video monitor. The skulls were not from individuals represented by the photographs. All comparisons were done without using anterior dentition.

    The results found that 9.6% of the lateral view and 8.5% of the frontal view superimpositions were classified as a consistent fit based on the criteria that were identified. The incidence of false matches was reduced to 0.6% of the sample when a frontal view and lateral view photograph of the same individual were both compared to one skull. It was concluded that without anterior dentition, skull/photograph superimposition is reliable when two or more photographs, clearly depicting the facial features from different angles, are used in the comparison.


    Paper ID: JFS13615J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS13615J

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    Author
    Title The Reliability of Skull/Photograph Superimposition in Individual Identification
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30