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    Volume 38, Issue 6 (November 1993)

    International Trade in Bear Gall Bladders: Forensic Source Inference

    (Received 27 November 1992; accepted 7 May 1993)

    CODEN: JFSOAD

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    Abstract

    Fresh and desiccated gall bladders of the Ursidae family (bears) obtained as criminal evidence were characterized by analysis of the principal biliary components, mainly ursodeoxycholyl-taurine, cholyl-taurine and chenodeoxycholyl-taurine using TLC and HPLC. This bile acids profile appears to be an Ursidae family characteristic. Results show that of the samples from Asia only 3% were from the Ursidae family and 18% were from “farmed bears.” Samples seized in the U.S.A. and Canada showed that 22.6% and 85% respectively, were from Ursids. The remaining samples were consistent with bile from the domestic pig (Suidae).


    Author Information:

    Espinoza, EO
    National Fish and Wildlife Forensic Laboratory, Ashland, OR

    Shafer, JA
    National Fish and Wildlife Forensic Laboratory, Ashland, OR

    Hagey, LR
    University of California, San Diego, CA


    Stock #: JFS13540J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS13540J

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    Title International Trade in Bear Gall Bladders: Forensic Source Inference
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30