Poisoning from Oral Ingestion of Carbofuran (Furadan 4F), a Cholinesterase-Inhibiting Carbamate Insecticide, and Its Effects on Cholinesterase Activity in Various Biological Fluids

    Volume 37, Issue 1 (January 1992)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Page Count: 8


    Hagardorn, AN
    Associate professor and research specialist, James H. Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN

    Ferslew, KE
    Associate professor and research specialist, James H. Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN

    McCormick, WF
    Deputy chief medical examiner of the State of Tennessee, Department of Forensic Pathology, James H. Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN

    (Received 20 February 1991; accepted 14 May 1991)

    Abstract

    A case is presented of a fatal ingestion of Furadan (carbofuran), a cholinesterase-inhibiting carbamate insecticide. A 26-year-old white male was found dead with a partially filled 1-gal (3.8-L) container of Furadan 4F insecticide-nematocide (44.9% carbofuran). The individual had ingested approximately 345 mL of the mixture. Analysis of cholinesterase activity in various biological fluids was performed spectrophotometrically using propionylthiocholine and 5,5'-dithiobis-2-nitrobenzoic acid [Sigma Diagnostics, cholinesterase procedure No. 422 (PTC)] which was measured at 405 nm and 30°C in a Gilford Stasar III Spectrophotometer. The cholinesterase activities were as follows: plasma, 245 units (U)/L (93% inhibition/7% normal activity); serum, 208 U/L (95.3% inhibition/4.7% normal activity); whole blood, 297 U/L (92.8% inhibition/7.2% normal activity); erythrocytes, 58 U/L (99% inhibition/1% normal activity); vitreous humor, 7 U/L; and bile, 148 U/L. Carbofuran was detected in the blood and gastric contents by thin-layer chromatography. No alcohol or other drugs were detected in the blood, urine, or gastric contents. Ingestion of the carbofuran produced acute visceral congestion and pulmonary edema. Death was caused by anoxia due to respiratory paralysis produced by cholinesterase inhibition from Furadan (carbofuran) ingestion.


    Paper ID: JFS13239J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS13239J

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    Title Poisoning from Oral Ingestion of Carbofuran (Furadan 4F), a Cholinesterase-Inhibiting Carbamate Insecticide, and Its Effects on Cholinesterase Activity in Various Biological Fluids
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30