Volume 36, Issue 5 (September 1991)
90° North?—Examination of Robert E. Peary's Polar Journal No. 1, 1909
The controversy continues as to whether or not Robert Edwin Peary actually reached the North Pole, 90° N. In the recent past, a crucial journal/diary chronicling Peary's success at being the first man to reach the top of the world was made public. Separate leaves inserted into the notebook have raised questions of authenticity. Is this Journal a rewritten version of an undisclosed original, or a work prepared to counter skepticism by detractors, including members of Congress? This paper describes information gained from a controlled, restricted examination of Journal No. 1, 1909, at the National Archives in Washington, DC.