Characterization of Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Obtained from Teeth Subjected to Various Environmental Conditions

    Volume 36, Issue 4 (July 1991)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Page Count: 12


    Schwartz, EA
    Forensic chemist, Union County Prosecutor's Office, Westfield, NJ

    Kobilinsky, L
    Professor of biology and immunology, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, New York, NY

    McNally, L
    Forensic scientist and research scientist, Lifecodes Corporation, Valhalla, NY

    Mieszerski, L
    Graduate student, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York, New York, NY

    Schwartz, TR
    Forensic scientist and research scientist, Lifecodes Corporation, Valhalla, NY

    (Received 3 August 1990; accepted 17 December 1990)

    Abstract

    This study was designed to determine the effects of various environmental factors on the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) obtained from dental pulp. Extracted teeth were subjected to the following conditions: varying pH (3.7, 10); temperature (4°C, 25°C, 37°C, incineration); humidity (20%, 66%, 98%); various types of soil (sand, potting soil, garden soil); seawater; burying the teeth outdoors, and aging (one week to six months). In addition, teeth that had been extracted and held at room temperature for 16 and 19 years were also examined. Following isolation of DNA, the samples were analyzed on yield gels to determine the concentration and integrity of the recovered DNA. Restriction digestion with Pst I was followed by electrophoresis of the generated fragments, Southern transfer to nylon membranes, and hybridization to both human and bacterial probes. It was determined that, aside from soil, the environmental conditions examined did not affect the ability to obtain high-molecular-weight human DNA from dental pulp. Restriction fragment length polymorphic (RFLP) analysis of selected samples was performed. Dental pulp patterns were compared with bloodstain exemplars, revealing matching patterns, although an increase in band-shifting was observed with extended exposure to elevated temperatures.


    Paper ID: JFS13113J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS13113J

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    Title Characterization of Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Obtained from Teeth Subjected to Various Environmental Conditions
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30