Lithium-Ammonia Reduction of Ephedrine to Methamphetamine: An Unusual Clandestine Synthesis

    Volume 35, Issue 3 (May 1990)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Page Count: 4


    McGrath, DC
    Forensic chemists, U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, Western Laboratory, San Francisco, CA

    Ely, RA
    Forensic chemists, U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, Western Laboratory, San Francisco, CA

    (Received 17 April 1989; accepted 19 June 1989)

    Abstract

    A suspected clandestine methamphetamine laboratory was seized in Vacaville, California. Ephedrine, a precursor for the manufacture of methamphetamine, was discovered at the site. However, the chemicals normally expected to be found at an ephedrine conversion laboratory were not recovered. Other chemicals found at the scene included tetrahydrofuran, ammonium chloride, lithium metal, and ammonia gas. Examination of the suspect's notes showed several different common synthesis routes to methamphetamine and a novel route utilizing a lithium/ammonia/ammonium chloride reduction. The reduction of ephedrine to methamphetamine using this dissolving metal procedure has not been reported in the literature. The authors reproduced the suspect's reaction scheme and found the lithium/ammonia/ammonium chloride reduction of ephedrine to be a viable synthesis for methamphetamine.


    Paper ID: JFS12878J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS12878J

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    Title Lithium-Ammonia Reduction of Ephedrine to Methamphetamine: An Unusual Clandestine Synthesis
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30