Surface Analysis of Electrical Arc Residues in Fire Investigation

    Volume 34, Issue 3 (May 1989)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Page Count: 5


    Anderson, RN
    Professor of materials engineering, School of Engineering, San Jose State University, San Jose, CA

    (Received 21 April 1988; accepted 8 August 1988)

    Abstract

    Fires caused by electrical shorting are difficult to identify with certainty from fire pattern analysis alone. Surface analysis techniques, such as electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA) and auger electron spectroscopy (AES), can be used to determine the history of an electrical short circuit by characterizing the environment in which the electrical arc residues were formed. In a fire that destroys insulation, the surface of the arc bead formed from the resultant electrical short circuit would show the presence of combustion products. If the electrical short circuit occurred before the fire had started, then arc bead analysis would show the absence of combustion products.


    Paper ID: JFS12683J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS12683J

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    Author
    Title Surface Analysis of Electrical Arc Residues in Fire Investigation
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30