Volume 33, Issue 5 (September 1988)

    Cocaine and Homicide in Memphis and Shelby County: An Epidemic of Violence

    (Received 4 September 1987; accepted 27 October 1987)

    CODEN: JFSOAD

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 7 $25   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    In Memphis and the surrounding county, there were a record number of homicides (179) in 1986. During the same year, there was a marked increase in medical examiner cases where tests were positive for cocaine or its metabolites. Review of medical examiner and toxicology records from 1980 to 1986 found 87 cocaine related deaths; 46 of these were homicides. In 1986 alone, there were 53 cocaine related deaths, all manners, and 31 cocaine related homicides. In this year, 17.3% of the homicides were positive for cocaine or metabolite. The cocaine related homicides were similar to other homicides in terms of age, race, sex, blood ethanol concentration, and cause of death being due most often to firearms. In homicide cases in which an abuse drug was detected, cocaine accounted for the entire increase in 1986. Police records indicated that cocaine directly contributed to the homicide in 39% of the cases in which the drug was found. In other cases, we speculate that cocaine altered behavior may have contributed to the victim's being murdered either during the drug “high” or during the posteuphoric depression or withdrawal phase.


    Author Information:

    Maury Phillips, A
    Instructor, professor, supervisor, and supervisor, University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN

    Scott Fernandez, G
    Instructor, professor, supervisor, and supervisor, University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN

    Francisco, JT
    Instructor, professor, supervisor, and supervisor, University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN

    Harruff, RC
    Instructor, professor, supervisor, and supervisor, University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN

    Elkins, SK
    Surgical resident, Erlanger Medical Center, Chattanooga, TN


    Stock #: JFS12557J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS12557J

    ASTM International
    is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title Cocaine and Homicide in Memphis and Shelby County: An Epidemic of Violence
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30