Volume 31, Issue 2 (April 1986)

    Spectral Differentiation and Gas Chromatographic/Mass Spectrometric Analysis of the Lacrimators 2-Chloroacetophenone and o-Chlorobenzylidene Malononitrile

    (Received 4 March 1985; accepted 5 September 1985)

    CODEN: JFSOAD

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    Abstract

    2-Chloroacetophenone (CN) and o-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile (CS) are the most common chemical agents used as lacrimators in the United States. There is a lack of complete spectral data on these compounds in the literature. Spectral data (ultraviolet, fluorescence, proton nuclear magnetic resonance, and infrared) and a gas-liquid chromatographic/mass spectrometric method are presented that differentiate and identify CN and CS. These methods and data were used to identify a forensic science specimen from an accidental intoxication.


    Author Information:

    Hagardorn, AN
    Assistant professor and director of the toxicology laboratory, and research specialist/supervisor of the toxicology laboratory, Quillen-Dishner College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN

    Ferslew, KE
    Assistant professor and director of the toxicology laboratory, and research specialist/supervisor of the toxicology laboratory, Quillen-Dishner College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN

    Orcutt, RH
    Laboratory coordinator and radiation safety officer, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN


    Stock #: JFS12298J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS12298J

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    Title Spectral Differentiation and Gas Chromatographic/Mass Spectrometric Analysis of the Lacrimators 2-Chloroacetophenone and o-Chlorobenzylidene Malononitrile
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30