Incidence and Toxicological Aspects of Drugs Detected in 484 Fatally Injured Drivers and Pedestrians in Ontario

    Volume 27, Issue 4 (October 1982)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Published Online: 1 October 1982

    Page Count: 13


    Lucas, DM
    Head, Centre of Forensic Sciences, Toronto, Ont.

    Cimbura, G
    Head, Centre of Forensic Sciences, Toronto, Ont.

    Simpson, HM
    Director of research and executive director, Traffic Injury Research Foundation of Canada, Ottawa, Ont.

    Warren, RA
    Director of research and executive director, Traffic Injury Research Foundation of Canada, Ottawa, Ont.

    Bennett, RC
    Deputy chief coroner for the Province of Ontario, Toronto, Ont.

    (Received 17 February 1982; accepted 10 March 1982)

    Abstract

    Results are presented of a comprehensive drug study carried out on specimens from drivers and pedestrians fatally injured in Ontario. Toxicological analyses were regularly performed on blood and urine and occasionally on vitreous humor, stomach contents, and liver. The analytical procedures could detect and quantitate a wide variety of drugs including such illicit drugs as Cannabis. With respect to drivers, alcohol was found in 57% of the study sample and drugs other than alcohol, in 26%. However, in only 9.5% of the drivers were psychoactive drugs (other than alcohol) detected in the blood in concentrations that may adversely affect driving skills. Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol and diazepam accounted for a majority of the findings in this category.


    Paper ID: JFS12203J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS12203J

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    Title Incidence and Toxicological Aspects of Drugs Detected in 484 Fatally Injured Drivers and Pedestrians in Ontario
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30