The Shielding Capacity of the Standard Military Flak Jacket Against Ballistic Injury to the Kidney

    Volume 33, Issue 2 (March 1988)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Published Online: 1 March 1988

    Page Count: 8


    Josselson, A
    Commander, M.C., U.S. Navy, and colonel, U.S. Air Force, M.C., Division of Forensic Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC

    Keyes, BT
    Captain, M.C., U.S. Navy, lieutenant, M.C., U.S. Naval Reserve, lieutenant commander, M.C., U.S. Naval Reserve, and lieutenant commander, M.C., U.S. Navy, Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD

    Frazier, HA
    Captain, M.C., U.S. Navy, lieutenant, M.C., U.S. Naval Reserve, lieutenant commander, M.C., U.S. Naval Reserve, and lieutenant commander, M.C., U.S. Navy, Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD

    O'Connell, KJ
    Captain, M.C., U.S. Navy, lieutenant, M.C., U.S. Naval Reserve, lieutenant commander, M.C., U.S. Naval Reserve, and lieutenant commander, M.C., U.S. Navy, Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD

    Clark, MA
    Commander, M.C., U.S. Navy, and colonel, U.S. Air Force, M.C., Division of Forensic Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC

    Christenson, PJ
    Captain, M.C., U.S. Navy, lieutenant, M.C., U.S. Naval Reserve, lieutenant commander, M.C., U.S. Naval Reserve, and lieutenant commander, M.C., U.S. Navy, Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD

    (Received 6 May 1987; accepted 5 June 1987)

    Abstract

    An animal model was designed to evaluate the ability of the standard military flak jacket to protect the kidneys from direct ballistic trauma. Yorkshire swine were anesthetized and their flanks were protected by flak jackets. Ballistic insults ranging from a low-velocity handgun to a high-velocity rifle were evaluated. The results demonstrate that a flak jacket provides adequate protection against low- and mid-velocity projectiles since none of the animals from this group had evidence of internal trauma and because only minor superficial surgical attention would have been required. Survivability in each case was considered to be excellent. The flak jacket failed to provide any protection against several types of high-velocity bullets. These weapons caused severe internal injury to the genitourinary system as well as to other major organ systems. Survival would have been unlikely.


    Paper ID: JFS11954J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS11954J

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    Author
    Title The Shielding Capacity of the Standard Military Flak Jacket Against Ballistic Injury to the Kidney
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30