Volume 31, Issue 4 (October 1986)

    Cocaine-Related Deaths in Pima County, Arizona, 1982–1984

    (Received 23 December 1985; accepted 3 March 1986)

    Published Online: October

    CODEN: JFSOAD

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    Abstract

    A three-year review of toxicology data from medical examiner autopsies in Pima County, Arizona, has demonstrated that cocaine has rapidly become a leading substance of abuse, second only to alcohol in the frequency of drugs detected by toxicologic analysis of all suspicious deaths, motor vehicle accident fatalities, homicides, and suicides. Gastric contents and urine were analyzed by thin-layer chromatography, and nasal swabs, blood, and urine were tested for the combination of cocaine and its metabolite benzoylecgonine by quantitative radioimmunoassay. A total of seventy-two deaths in Pima County from 1982 to 1984 have involved cocaine. Seventy percent of these have occurred in the last fifteen months. Marked variation in the individual response to cocaine compared to the blood concentration of cocaine/metabolite was noted.


    Author Information:

    Jones, AM
    Chief deputy medical examiner of Pima County, University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ

    Byers, JM
    Medical student and associate professor of pathology, University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ

    Rogers, JN
    Medical student and associate professor of pathology, University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ

    Froede, RC
    Chief medical examiner of Pima County, University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ

    Henry, TE
    Deputy medical examiner of Pima County, Forensic Sciences Section, Department of Pathology, Arizona Health Sciences Center, University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ


    Stock #: JFS11918J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS11918J

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    Author
    Title Cocaine-Related Deaths in Pima County, Arizona, 1982–1984
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30