Volume 28, Issue 3 (July 1983)
A Review of Probability of Inclusion in Paternity Testing
In 1978, the American Association of Blood Banks released its first comprehensive publication on the laboratory aspects of disputed paternity (reviewed in this Journal, Vol. 24, No. 3, July 1979, pp. 705). The primary emphasis of this book was on testing for the purpose of exclusion in paternity cases. However, the issue of probability analysis of inclusion of paternity was also addressed by several of the contributors. This generated a great deal of interest and debate in the legal and medical community because of current pressing social and economic considerations. The controversy over this new approach to parentage determination finally led to a meeting in May 1982 in Airlie, VA of an International Conference on Inclusion Probabilities in Parentage Testing. The result was the establishment of accepted principles for determining and expressing the probability of a paternal relationship. In part, these include the logic involved in probability determinations, a more precise terminology, and such legal issues as reliability and interpretation of information.