Deaths Allegedly Caused by the Use of “Choke Holds” (Shime-Waza)

    Volume 32, Issue 2 (March 1987)

    ISSN: 0022-1198


    Published Online: 1 March 1987

    Page Count: 14

    Koiwai, EK
    Associate professor of pathology and anatomy, Hahnemann University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA

    (Received 17 March 1986; accepted 1 May 1986)


    Shime-waza or the “choke hold,” when properly applied, should not cause death; therefore, its primary purpose should be to subdue violent suspects. When properly applied, the choke hold causes unconsciousness in 10 to 20 s. No fatalities as a result of shime-waza have been reported in the sport of judo since its inception in 1882. Among the methods of “control holds” taught to law enforcement officers is the choke hold similar or identical to shime-waza used in judo. Using the choke hold, officers may afford themselves maximum safety while subjecting the suspect to a minimum possibility of injury. The author has reviewed 14 fatalities with autopsy findings where death was allegedly caused by the use of choke holds.

    Paper ID: JFS11144J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS11144J

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    Title Deaths Allegedly Caused by the Use of “Choke Holds” (Shime-Waza)
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30