The Core Technique in the Determination of Age at Death in Skeletons

    Volume 24, Issue 4 (October 1979)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Published Online: 1 October 1979

    Page Count: 14


    Thompson, DD
    Assistant professor in residence, University of Connecticut, Storrs,

    (Received 21 March 1979; accepted 7 May 1979)

    Abstract

    Determining age at death beyond 50 years in skeletons has posed problems for physical anthropologists, forensic scientists, and archeologists. Morphological aging methods such as pubic symphyseal remodeling [1–5], cranial suture closure [1,2,6,7], and the degree of osteoarthritis [8] are often inaccurate or not appropriate in aging skeletons of persons older than 50 years. Histological methods of estimating age at death in skeletons [9–13], overcoming many of the subjective criteria associated with morphological aging methods, are receiving increasing attention for their ability to age skeletons accurately from birth to old age. Of the histological methods that use cortical bone samples, Kerley's method [10] has been shown to be the most accurate. Current histological methods, however, have shortcomings that limit their widespread application by physical anthropologists and forensic scientists. The principal shortcoming is the need for complete cross sections of diaphyseal bone. With Ubelaker's recent finding [14] that age-related histological changes in bone may be population-specific, the need for a nondestructive technique of bone sample acquisition becomes important. To confirm or reject the findings that populations may vary in their rates of osteon turnover, thereby affecting age estimations obtained by histological methods, it is necessary to acquire bone samples from large skeletal series of known age at death. Access to these skeletons as well as forensically derived skeletons depends on a technique that minimizes the physical damage to a skeleton.


    Paper ID: JFS10922J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS10922J

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    Author
    Title The Core Technique in the Determination of Age at Death in Skeletons
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30