Volume 24, Issue 4 (October 1979)
The Rapid Determination of Cocaine and Other Local Anesthetics Using Field Tests and Chromatography
Cocaine, which is obtained from the leaves of plants of the genus Erythroxylon, either directly or by chemical transformation, has been used throughout recorded history because of its local anesthetic activity . As a result of its undesirable side effects its use is now controlled almost worldwide. The search for alternative compounds having topical or local anesthetic properties without the inherent disadvantage in using cocaine resulted in the synthesis of a number of satisfactory alternatives to cocaine.