Volume 24, Issue 2 (April 1979)
Age Estimations from Diaphyseal Lengths: Two Months to Twelve Years
Accurate identification of individuals by skeletal structures requires estimations of age, sex, race, and stature plus the presence or absence of such distinguishing features as healed or healing fractures (or other pathologies), restorative or reparative dental work, skeletal anomalies, and others. Correct identification, within limits, is maximized when the investigator has the remains of a complete adult skeleton. As skeletal parts diminish in number and as the age of the individual decreases, accuracy in identification also decreases. When found in combination, that is, with fragmentary skeletons of subadults, these features make for the least desirable situation if accurate individual identification is to be made or even attempted. Kerley  has recently reminded us of the inherent difficulties of determining sex, race, and stature in subadults even when complete remains are available. As the remains become more fragmentary these parameters become most difficult to evaluate.