Volume 24, Issue 2 (April 1979)
Particle Analysis for the Detection of Gunshot Residue. II: Occupational and Environmental Particles
The first paper in this series  described the application of particle analysis to the identification of gunshot residue. In the course of developing this application, gunshot residue was identified in each of several hundred samples collected. In many instances, the nonfiring hand was sampled as a control, or “handblank” samples were taken from persons who had not fired a gun . Some of these many tests were performed “blind,” that is, without prior knowledge by the analyst of the nature of the sample. No false positives were obtained from nonfiring samples. Nevertheless, it was thought that better proof of the uniqueness of gunshot residue particles was required and that an investigation should be made of the possibility that particles in the natural environment or particles produced by man could closely resemble gunshot residue.