Volume 23, Issue 3 (July 1978)
Spontaneous Pneumothorax in the Newborn: A Report of Two Fatalities
Pneumothorax in the newborn is a well-known complication of the respiratory distress syndrome and its therapy [1,2]. The sudden unexpected development of this condition in a full-term, apparently healthy infant is uncommon. When this pneumothorax leads to immediate death, the diagnosis will most likely elude clinicians and the case be reported to the medical examiner. The diagnosis can be readily made and documented if one is familiar with this entity and considers it prior to autopsy. The Southwestern Institute of Forensic Sciences has encountered two such deaths in a year.