The Distribution of Natural Stable Isotopes of Carbon As a Possible Tool for the Differentiation of Samples of TNT

    Volume 20, Issue 3 (July 1975)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Published Online: 1 July 1975

    Page Count: 5


    Nissenbaum, A
    Chemical Evolution Branch NASA—Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif.

    (Received 29 October 1974; accepted 3 January 1975)

    Abstract

    Differentiating between samples of explosives of the same chemical nature by chemical or physical techniques is as yet one of the unsolved problems of forensic science. The techniques utilized, such as identification of impurities by gas chromatography [1], thin-layer chromatography [2], and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy [3], were primarily employed for quality control purposes and have not so far provided an acceptable method for either identifying the manufacturer of the explosives or differentiating or correlating between samples of explosives. The failure of those techniques for this particular purpose is primarily due to partial degradation of the explosives during storage. Therefore, the original pattern of impurities may completely change with time. The present report describes a novel, and potentially useful, technique for differentiating or correlating samples of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), which is hardly affected by the postmanufacturing history of the explosives.


    Paper ID: JFS10291J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS10291J

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    Title The Distribution of Natural Stable Isotopes of Carbon As a Possible Tool for the Differentiation of Samples of TNT
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30