Volume 19, Issue 2 (April 1974)
Drug Excretion in the Urine of Military Separatees: A Pilot Study
In October 1970, the Department of Defense received an official inquiry from the Executive Branch of the Federal government pertaining to the prevalence of drug abuse among military separatees. At that time, there was concern over the possible relationship between the apparent epidemic of drug abuse among certain military populations and that among civilians. Persons separated from military service represent an important interface between the military and civilian communities. Since pertinent data were not available, it was determined that a survey was required, with submission of the final report of the survey by April 1971. All four military services were to be represented and objective data were requested. These constraints suggested a survey of the prevalence of drug abuse by means of toxicologic analysis. Accordingly, this pilot study was proposed to provide preliminary data on the prevalence of the urinary excretion of certain drugs of abuse in separatees and to demonstrate the feasibility of subsequent mass screening by toxicologic methods.