Volume 15, Issue 4 (December 1993)

    The Use of Impact Force as a Scale Parameter for the Impact Response of Composite Laminates

    CODEN: CTROAD

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    Abstract

    The building block approach is currently used to design composite structures. With this approach, the data from coupon tests are scaled up to determine the design of a structure. Current standard impact tests and methods of relating test data to other structures are not generally understood and are often used improperly. A methodology is outlined for using impact force as a scale parameter for delamination damage for impacts of simple plates. Dynamic analyses were used to define ranges of plate parameters and impact parameters where quasi-static analyses are valid. These ranges include most low-velocity impacts where the mass of the impacter is large and the size of the specimen is small. For large-mass impacts of moderately thick (0.35 to 0.70 cm) laminates, the maximum extent of delamination damage increased with increasing impact force and decreasing specimen thickness. For large-mass impact tests at a given kinetic energy, impact force and hence delamination size depends on specimen size, specimen thickness, layup, boundary conditions, and indenter size and shape. If damage is reported in terms of impact force instead of kinetic energy, large-mass test results can be applied directly to other plates of the same thickness and layup.


    Author Information:

    Poe, CC
    Research engineer, Vehicle Structures Directorate, Army Research Laboratory; and senior research engineer, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA

    Jackson, WC
    Research engineer, Vehicle Structures Directorate, Army Research Laboratory; and senior research engineer, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA


    Stock #: CTR10380J

    ISSN: 0884-6804

    DOI: 10.1520/CTR10380J

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    Author
    Title The Use of Impact Force as a Scale Parameter for the Impact Response of Composite Laminates
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D30