Effect of Chemical Admixtures on Portland Cement Hydration

    Volume 9, Issue 1 (July 1987)

    ISSN: 0149-6123

    CODEN: CCAOAD

    Page Count: 6


    Odler, I
    Professor and senior research scientist, Technical University Clausthal, Clausthal-Zellerfeld,

    Abdul-Maula, S
    Professor and senior research scientist, Technical University Clausthal, Clausthal-Zellerfeld,

    Abstract

    The effect of selected chemical admixtures on the progress of portland cement hydration, composition of the hydration products, and strength development was studied. Calcium chloride (CaCl2) accelerated the hydration of both tricalcium silicate (C3S) and tricalcium aluminate (C3A) and increased the calcium oxide/silicon dioxide (CaO/SiO2) ratio of the formed calcium-silicate-hydrate (CSH) phase. In the presence of zinc oxide (ZnO), Na-lignosulfonate, and a melamine resin, the hydration of both C3S and C3A was retarded, while in the presence of sucrose only that of C3S. The effect of all these additives was more pronounced if pure C3S rather than portland cement was employed. Regardless of the kind and amount of admixture added (except high amounts of CaCl2) and hydration time, the bound water content, amount of liberated calcium hydroxide, and compressive strength were linear functions of the amount of hydrated C3S.


    Paper ID: CCA10396J

    DOI: 10.1520/CCA10396J

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    Author
    Title Effect of Chemical Admixtures on Portland Cement Hydration
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee C09