The Use of the Flow Length Concept to Assess the Efficiency of Air Entrainment with Regards to Frost Durability: Part I—Description of the Test Method

    Volume 18, Issue 1 (June 1996)

    ISSN: 0149-6123

    CODEN: CCAOAD

    Page Count: 11


    Pigeon, M
    Laval University, Sainte-Foy, Québec

    Pleau, R
    School of Architecture, Laval University, Sainte-Foy, Québec

    Abstract

    This paper describes a numerical method to determine the flow length and other characteristics of the air-void system in hardened concrete. Physically, the flow length represents the distance that freezable water must travel through the cement paste to reach the perimeter of the nearest air void. It is expected to be a better indicator of the frost durability of concrete than the commonly used Recommended Practice for the Microscopial Determination of Air Void Content and Parameters of the Air Void System in Hardened Concrete (ASTM C 457) spacing factor. The flow length is obtained from the microscopical examination of polished concrete sections. It can be determined by recording the size-distribution of the circles intercepted by the plane on a given surface area or by recording the size-distribution of the chords intercepted along a given line of traverse. A numerical example is given to illustrate the advantages of the proposed method. The flow length is very similar to the Philleo factor, but it provides a more accurate estimation of the real distribution of air voids through the cement paste.


    Paper ID: CCA10308J

    DOI: 10.1520/CCA10308J

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title The Use of the Flow Length Concept to Assess the Efficiency of Air Entrainment with Regards to Frost Durability: Part I—Description of the Test Method
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee C09