Volume 2, Issue 1

    Limiting Early-Age Cracking in Concrete Bridge Decks

    (Received 15 March 2013; accepted 18 June 2013)

    Published Online: 2013

    CODEN: ACEMOAD

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    Abstract

    Early-age bridge-deck cracking is a major problem affecting the durability of U.S. bridges. Many factors can cause early-age bridge-deck cracking including change in temperature, hydration, plastic shrinkage, autogenous shrinkage, and drying shrinkage. The presence of cracking may increase the effect of freeze and thaw cycles and may lead to corrosion of reinforcement, which may result in deterioration of the entire bridge. It is crucial to investigate the issue of early-age cracking in bridge decks to provide solutions to improve the safety of U.S. bridges. This research examines the use of different sealing materials to seal the developed cracks while the performance criteria can be achieved. An analytical study was performed to study the importance of major parameters that may affect the transverse deck cracking, such as concrete strength, shrinkage, thermal effect, load patterns, load magnitude, span length, number of spans, and continuity. A finite-element model was developed to investigate the factors affecting tensile stresses and crack tendency. Also, a tool was developed to predict the likelihood and initiation of early-age cracking in bridge decks. The outcomes of this study identify suitable sealant materials and identify a set of recommendations to limit the cracking problem and, hence, resulting in a longer service life to bridges.


    Author Information:

    ElSafty, Adel
    Civil Engineering Dept., Univ. of North Florida, Jacksonville, FL

    Abdel-Mohti, Ahmed
    Civil Engineering Dept., Ohio Northern Univ., Ada, OH

    Jackson, Mike
    Civil Engineering Dept., Univ. of North Florida, Jacksonville, FL

    Lasa, Ivan
    Florida Dept. of Transportation, Tallahassee, FL

    Paredes, Mario
    Florida Dept. of Transportation, Tallahassee, FL


    Stock #: ACEM20130073

    ISSN: 2165-3984

    DOI: 10.1520/ACEM20130073

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title Limiting Early-Age Cracking in Concrete Bridge Decks
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee C09