1.1 The guide covers concepts, principles and best practices for all-hazards integrated emergency management programs in preparedness, prevention, mitigation, response, and recovery for schools and school districts in preparation and response to a natural or man-caused incident. 1.2 The guide addresses the essential elements of the scope, planning, structure, application and integration of federal, state, local volunteer and non-governmental organizations and resources necessary to facilitate interoperability and seamless participation by response agencies both inside and outside the school/district. 1.3 The guide provides a common operating terminology for the school environment in both emergency management (EM) and continuity of operations planning (COOP). 1.4 The guide provides a framework for school/district leadership that is consistent with the National Incident Management System (NIMS), the National Response Plan (NRP) and provides guidance for the synchronization with the local county and state emergency operations plans (EOP). 1.5 This guide does not attempt to address all of the safety concerns, unique situations, and individual threats/remedies. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices in accordance with applicable state law, and to determine the applicability of regulatory requirements for their individual circumstances prior to use.
Incidents happen daily in schools around our country that involve violence and disaster of natural or man-made cause. Our national psyche does not, for the most part, extensively plan for such occurrences since, we, as a society abhor such acts perpetrated upon our young. With Columbine as a catalyst, and almost quarterly major events in the news involving schools, and with the post-9-11 mindset of government, there is a movement ongoing to establish more secure school environments. This standard, when implemented, will not only help schools and school districts prepare and mitigate against disaster, but also harden their installations to crime and violence that already occur but on an act by act basis are not considered a disaster. The NIMS Integration Center of the Department of Homeland Security is taking the lead in developing programs for various sectors of the government and private enterprises to make them more disaster resilient. This standard, in concert with their efforts, is timely and needed.
KeywordsFirst Responder; Education; Mitigation; School Preparedness; Emergency Response
The title and scope are in draft form and are under development within this ASTM Committee.Back to Top
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