ASTM WK46024

    Revision of D396 - 13c Standard Specification for Fuel Oils

    (What is a Work Item?)

    Active Standard: D396 - 15c

    Developed by Subcommittee: D02.E0 | Committee D02 | Contact Staff Manager


    1. Rationale

    This ballot makes provisions for the inclusion of up to 20% biodiesel by volume in all sulfur grades of No. 1 and No. 2 fuel oil of ASTM D396, Standard Specification for Fuel Oils. D396 Grades No. 1 and No. 2 covers fuels for use in domestic (i.e. home housing) and small industrial burners. The current version of ASTM D396, Standard Specification for Fuel Oils, was modified in 2008 to include the allowance for biodiesel in volumes up to 5% in all sulfur grades of No. 1 and No. 2 fuel oils. Over the past 6 years, an industry technical steering group comprised of the leading burner manufacturers, heating oil dealers, the National Oilheat Research Alliance (NORA, the trade association for conventional heating oil industry), third party technical experts, biodiesel companies, and the National Biodiesel Board has been developing the technical data to determine the level of biodiesel that will perform as expected in the conventional unmodified heating oil equipment installed base. The technical data has now become available from the industry steering group, and was reviewed with the ASTM Biodiesel Task Force. While the technical data showed levels higher than B20 may also perform as expected, a strategic decision was made by the Biodiesel Task Force to raise the level of biodiesel in D396 only to 20% biodiesel at this time. There has been significantly more experience in the field with B20 than with higher blends, and setting the upper level of biodiesel in D396 at 20% biodiesel will also harmonize the blend level with the current upper level of biodiesel within ASTM for on/off road diesel (i.e. B20). Please feel free to contact Mr. Vic Turk, RW Becket (, 440-353-6280) or Steve Howell, MARC-IV (, 816-903-6272) with questions or additional information.


    biodiesel; biodiesel blend; burner fuels; fuel oils; furnace oils; petroleum and petroleum products;
    Citing ASTM Standards
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    Work Item Status

    Date Initiated:

    Technical Contact:
    Steve Howell


    COS (15-02)

    Ballot Item Approved as D396-2015A and Pending Publication


    D02 (15-04)

    Ballot Item Approved as D396-2015C and Pending Publication