In this Guide, the operational activities primarily associated with well development phase/stage of an oil and gas well producing from unconventional formations (shales and tight sands) are evaluated for potential data management and reporting opportunities. A high priority subset of those activities have been selected for implementation in this guide. Section will examine the oil and gas well life cycle. The overall well life cycle includes exploration, development, production and closure phases. Primary focus will be on the well development phase within the well life cycle. Well Development phase includes infrastructure installations, drilling, well completion and well stimulation processes. Hydraulic fracturing is a well stimulation process used to maximize/enhance the production of underground resources; including oil, natural gas, geothermal energy, and even water. It includes pumping hydraulic fracturing fluid into a formation at pressures exceeding the formation fracture pressure to increase its permeability. The well life cycle discussed in the Guide represents a typical well for the production of oil and/or gas from subsurface formations. The scope is limited to well development to help establish a common data framework for further refinement of GIS, relational database and data architecture especially in regards to information data exchange, delivery and reporting (regulatory submittals, compliance and voluntary). The potential environmental challenges from well stimulation will be examined with data tables offered as examples. Four areas of environmental focus were chosen as examples: 1)Public Disclosure 2)Risks-Health and Environmental (identification only) 3) Water Management- including acquisition, distribution, storage, recycling, and disposal 4) Well Integrity and Testing. Suggestions on how to collect, report, and manage data beyond minimal regulatory compliance will be given. Attaining a balance between the need for consistent performance through standardization without impeding innovation during disruptive technology changes will be important. This guide will also leverage standards from within ASTM and other organizations for areas related to development, production and closure to minimize duplication of efforts.
This document will provide guidance on data collection, management, and reporting that can be used by various stakeholders including operators, consulting engineers/contractors, regulatory/permitting agencies, surface and subsurface land owners, legislators, scientist/ academics, and the general public to support decision making efforts in the above categories, and others as appropriate. The main stakeholders who have the ability to influence data and information delivery : oil and gas operators and their subcontractors (including service companies);local, state, federal governmental agencies; third party vendors of data management and/or reporting applications/systems. Other stakeholders include the users of the data and information delivery such as surface and subsurface landowners, scientist/academics, consulting engineers/contactors, IT/software consultants/vendors and the general public.Consistent approaches to data collection, management, and evaluation within a given jurisdiction is necessary to support decision making efforts that affect the design and implementation of an effective and safe oil and gas development operation. Decisions that typically are made during the well life-cycle fall into three broad categories: Planning and permitting; Regulatory compliance (with permit and regulatory conditions); Impacts to human health and the environment
KeywordsProppants; Injection Wells; Well Casing; Cementing; Pipes; Pipe Emissions; Air Quality; Methane; Propane; Ethane; Flowback Water; Waste Water; ponds; pits; water trucks; truck traffic; state oil and gas boards; regulations, legislation; STRONGER, GWPC, IOCC, Marcellus Coalition, Site Infrastructure; Drilling Fluid Characterization; Permitting; Site Investigation; Water Supply Well, Residential Water Wells; Site Construction; Erosion, Dust Control, Aquifers, Marcellus Shale; Barnett Shale; Eagle Ford Shale; Monterrey Shale; Utica Shale; Natural Gas; Unconventional Gas; Earthquakes; Seismic; Leakage; Fractures; Radioactive Materials; Noise Levels; Bulk Density; Conductivity; Laboratories; US EPA; BLM; Pipe Failures; Pipe Emissions; API; DOE; NPDES; Radionuclide; hydrocarbons; TPH; metals; Drilling; Horizontal Wells;
The title and scope are in draft form and are under development within this ASTM Committee.Back to Top