1.1 This guide sets forth an approach for communities to use in initial and continuing preparedness of caregivers for those with disabilities or functional needs, including the elderly, in advance of and during emergencies and disasters. It contemplates several successive efforts to raise awareness of potential emergencies and provide initial training to caregivers in emergency preparedness that will complement the efforts of the local emergency management agency (EMA) or Office of Emergency Management (OEM), first responders, community emergency response teams (CERT), and FEMA Corps members. A primary objective is also to prepare future trainers to maintain continuity in the program described in this guide. 1.2 This guide describes three basic phases that communities can use to enhance the preparedness of caregivers. The approach is focused on creating local awareness of the need for caregivers to be better prepared and how it may be accomplished, including factors to be considered and methodologies that will lead to improved capability to assume or enhance the role of caregiver. The first phase encourages the use of a clinic for small groups of caregivers to convene for an introduction to, and discussion of, this localized program; the second phase recommends a seminar for caregivers that provides greater depth in how to become better prepared for carrying out their responsibilities during periods of emergencies and disasters; and a third phase builds on the seminar and suggests a series of workshops intended to prepare local caregivers as specialized trainers who, in turn, would become a resource to train a broader segment of the caregiver community in specific topics associated with preparing for disasters. 1.3 This guide outlines the elements of the three phases of training oriented towards making caregivers aware of the risks and exposures affecting those with disabilities and how they can prepare to mitigate the effects of emergencies and disasters for that population. 1.4 This guide is intended to identify approaches that both compliment and function in concert with the response planning and support provided by the local and regional EMA and OEM, first responders, and other groups involved in community preparedness.
Persons with disabilities and those with functional needs often rely on caregivers for varying levels of support and assistance depending on the nature and severity of their respective disability or functional need. When disaster strikes, this need continues necessitating that caregivers maintain a capability to provide the needed support and assistance. This guide sets forth a training program for communities to use that will improve the culpability of caregivers to carry out their responsibilities in times of emergencies and disasters.
Keywordsawareness; preparedness; readiness; disaster; emergency; private sector residents; private sector business persons; curriculum; train the trainer
The title and scope are in draft form and are under development within this ASTM Committee.Back to Top