1.1 This guide describes general guidelines for the chemical, physical, mechanical, biocompatibility, and preclinical assessments of implantable synthetic polymeric absorbable devices. This guide also describes evaluation methods that are potentially useful and should be considered when assessing absorbable implants or implant components. 1.2 The described evaluations may assist a manufacturer in establishing the safety and effectiveness of an absorbable implant device. This listing of assessment methods may also be used to assist in establishing substantial equivalence to an existing commercially marketed device. However, these polymeric material-oriented guidelines do not necessarily reflect the total needs for any particular implant application (for example, orthopedic, cardiovascular), which may require additional and potentially essential application-specific evaluations. 1.3 This guide is intended to cover all forms of absorbable components and devices, including solid (for example, injection-molded) and porous (for example, fibrous) device forms. This guide is also intended to cover devices fabricated from amorphous or semicrystalline absorbable polymer systems or both. 1.4 This guide has been generated with principle emphasis on the evaluation of devices formed from synthetic polymers that degrade in vivo primarily through hydrolysis (for example, -hydroxy-polyesters). Evaluation methods suggested herein may or may not be applicable to implants formed from materials that, upon implantation, are substantially degraded through other mechanisms (for example, enzymatic action). 1.5 This guide references and generally describes various means to assess absorbable materials, components, and devices. The user needs to refer to specific test methods for additional details. Additionally, some of the recommended test methods may require modification to address the properties of a particular device, construct, or application. 1.6 Adherence to all aspects of these guidelines is not mandatory in that assessments and tests listed within this guide are not necessarily relevant for all absorbable implant systems and applications. 1.7 Absorbable polymers used as a matrix to control the in-vivo release of bioactive agents (drugs, antimicrobials, and so forth) may be evaluated according to many of the methods described herein. However, additional test methods not covered by this guide will likely be needed to evaluate a bioactive agents composition, loading, release kinetics, safety, and efficacy. 1.8 Composites of absorbable polymers with ceramics or metals or both may be evaluated according to many of the methods described herein. However, additional test methods not covered by this guide will likely be needed to evaluate the composites other component(s). 1.9 Units--The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard. 1.10 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
absorbable; resorbable; degradable; bioabsorbable; bioresorbable; biodegradable; surgical implant; degradation; hydrolytically degradable polymer; hydrolysis
The title and scope are in draft form and are under development within this ASTM Committee.
Citing ASTM Standards
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