ASTM E18 - 14a Standard Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials


    Citing ASTM Standards Citation data is made available by participants in CrossRefs Cited-by Linking service. A comprehensive list of citations to this standard are listed here.

    A47/A47M Standard Specification for Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings

    A193/A193M Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting for High Temperature or High Pressure Service and Other Special Purpose Applications

    A220/A220M Standard Specification for Pearlitic Malleable Iron

    A255 Standard Test Methods for Determining Hardenability of Steel

    A370 Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    A427/A427M Standard Specification for Wrought Alloy Steel Rolls for Cold and Hot Reduction

    A532/A532M Standard Specification for Abrasion-Resistant Cast Irons

    A623 Standard Specification for Tin Mill Products, General Requirements

    A623M Standard Specification for Tin Mill Products, General Requirements [Metric]

    A627 Standard Test Methods for Tool-Resisting Steel Bars, Flats, and Shapes for Detention and Correctional Facilities

    A677 Standard Specification for Nonoriented Electrical Steel Fully Processed Types

    A726 Standard Specification for Cold-Rolled Magnetic Lamination Quality Steel, Semiprocessed Types

    A909/A909M Standard Specification for Steel Forgings, Microalloy, for General Industrial Use

    A1008/A1008M Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet, Cold-Rolled, Carbon, Structural, High-Strength Low-Alloy, High-Strength Low-Alloy with Improved Formability, Solution Hardened, and Bake Hardenable

    A1011/A1011M Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet and Strip, Hot-Rolled, Carbon, Structural, High-Strength Low-Alloy, High-Strength Low-Alloy with Improved Formability, and Ultra-High Strength

    A1038 Standard Test Method for Portable Hardness Testing by the Ultrasonic Contact Impedance Method

    A1058 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products—Metric

    A1083/A1083M Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet, Cold-Rolled, Carbon, Structural, High-Strength Low-Alloy, Produced by Twin-Roll Casting Process

    A1086 Standard Specification for Thin-Gauge Nonoriented Electrical Steel Fully Processed Types

    B16/B16M Standard Specification for Free-Cutting Brass Rod, Bar and Shapes for Use in Screw Machines

    B21/B21M Standard Specification for Naval Brass Rod, Bar, and Shapes

    B49 Standard Specification for Copper Rod Drawing Stock for Electrical Purposes

    B69 Standard Specification for Rolled Zinc

    B75/B75M Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube

    B88 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Water Tube

    B88M Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Water Tube [Metric]

    B98/B98M Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Rod, Bar and Shapes

    B100 Standard Specification for Wrought Copper-Alloy Bearing and Expansion Plates and Sheets for Bridge and Other Structural Use

    B130 Standard Specification for Commercial Bronze Strip for Bullet Jackets

    B148 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Bronze Sand Castings

    B150/B150M Standard Specification for Aluminum Bronze Rod, Bar, and Shapes

    B160 Standard Specification for Nickel Rod and Bar

    B162 Standard Specification for Nickel Plate, Sheet, and Strip

    B163 Standard Specification for Seamless Nickel and Nickel Alloy Condenser and Heat-Exchanger Tubes

    B164 Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy Rod, Bar, and Wire

    B166 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys (UNS N06600, N06601, N06603, N06690, N06693, N06025, N06045, and N06696),* Nickel-Chromium-Cobalt-Molybdenum Alloy (UNS N06617), and Nickel-Iron-Chromium-Tungsten Alloy (UNS N06674) Rod, Bar,

    B168 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys (UNS N06600, N06601, N06603, N06690, N06693, N06025, N06045, and N06696), Nickel-Chromium-Cobalt-Molybdenum Alloy (UNS N06617), and Nickel-Iron-Chromium-Tungsten Alloy (UNS N06674) Plate, Sheet,

    B188 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Bus Pipe and Tube

    B194 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

    B241/B241M Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe and Seamless Extruded Tube

    B248 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper and Copper-Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

    B248M Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper and Copper-Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar (Metric)

    B249/B249M Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper and Copper-Alloy Rod, Bar, Shapes and Forgings

    B250/B250M Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper Alloy Wire

    B251 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Tube

    B251M Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Tube [Metric]

    B272 Standard Specification for Copper Flat Products with Finished (Rolled or Drawn) Edges (Flat Wire and Strip)

    B277 Standard Test Method for Hardness of Electrical Contact Materials

    B294 Standard Test Method for Hardness Testing of Cemented Carbides

    B302 Standard Specification for Threadless Copper Pipe, Standard Sizes

    B306 Standard Specification for Copper Drainage Tube (DWV)

    B308/B308M Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy 6061-T6 Standard Structural Profiles

    B315 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Alloy Pipe and Tube

    B345/B345M Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe and Seamless Extruded Tube for Gas and Oil Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems

    B367 Standard Specification for Titanium and Titanium Alloy Castings

    B372 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Rectangular Waveguide Tube

    B441 Standard Specification for Copper-Cobalt-Beryllium, Copper-Nickel-Beryllium, and Copper-Nickel-Lead-Beryllium Rod and Bar (UNS Nos. C17500, C17510, and C17465)

    B453/B453M Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Lead Alloy (Leaded-Brass) Rod, Bar, and Shapes

    B466/B466M Standard Specification for Seamless Copper-Nickel Pipe and Tube

    B505/B505M Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Continuous Castings

    B506 Specification for Copper-Clad Stainless Steel Sheet and Strip for Building Construction

    B534 Standard Specification for Copper-Cobalt-Beryllium Alloy and Copper-Nickel-Beryllium Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

    B570 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy (UNS Nos. C17000 and C17200) Forgings and Extrusions

    B587 Standard Specification for Welded Brass Tube

    B591 Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Tin and Copper-Zinc-Tin-Iron-Nickel Alloys Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

    B592 Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Aluminum-Cobalt Alloy, Copper-Zinc-Tin-Iron Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

    B599 Standard Specification for Nickel-Iron-Chromium-Molybdenum-Columbium Stabilized Alloy (UNS N08700) Plate, Sheet, and Strip

    B613 Standard Guide for Preparing Specifications for Miniature Brushes of Composite Materials for Sliding Electric Contacts

    B643 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Seamless Tube

    B647 Standard Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Aluminum Alloys by Means of a Webster Hardness Gage

    B648 Standard Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Aluminum Alloys by Means of a Barcol Impressor

    B664 Standard Specification for 80 % Silver-20 % Graphite Sliding Contact Material

    B688 Standard Specification for Chromium-Nickel-Molybdenum-Iron (UNS N08366 and UNS N08367) Plate, Sheet, and Strip

    B692 Standard Specification for 75 % Silver-25 % % Graphite Sliding Contact Material

    B693 Standard Specification for Silver-Nickel Electrical Contact Materials

    B718 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Cobalt-Tungsten-Iron-Silicon Alloy (UNS N06333) Plate, Sheet, and Strip

    B719 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Cobalt-Tungsten-Iron-Silicon Alloy (UNS N06333) Bar

    B743 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube in Coils

    B749 Standard Specification for Lead and Lead Alloy Strip, Sheet, and Plate Products

    B751 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Nickel and Nickel Alloy Welded Tube

    B752 Standard Specification for Castings, Zirconium-Base, Corrosion Resistant, for General Application

    B753 Standard Specification for Thermostat Component Alloys

    B768 Standard Specification for Copper-Cobalt-Beryllium Alloy and Copper-Nickel-Beryllium Alloy Strip and Sheet

    B775 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Nickel and Nickel Alloy Welded Pipe

    B777 Standard Specification for Tungsten Base, High-Density Metal

    B807/B807M Standard Practice for Extrusion Press Solution Heat Treatment for Aluminum Alloys

    B819 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for Medical Gas Systems

    B829 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Nickel and Nickel Alloys Seamless Pipe and Tube

    B837 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for Natural Gas and Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gas Fuel Distribution Systems

    B846 Standard Terminology for Copper and Copper Alloys

    B848 Specification for Powder Forged (P/F) Ferrous Materials

    B865 Standard Specification for Precipitation Hardening Nickel-Copper-Aluminum Alloy (UNS N05500) Bar, Rod, Wire, Forgings, and Forging Stock

    B870 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Forgings and Extrusions Alloys (UNS Nos. C17500 and C17510)

    B883 Standard Specification for Metal Injection Molding (MIM) Ferrous Materials

    B906 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Flat-Rolled Nickel and Nickel Alloys Plate, Sheet, and Strip

    B925 Standard Practices for Production and Preparation of Powder Metallurgy (PM) Test Specimens

    B929 Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Tin Spinodal Alloy Rod and Bar

    B937 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Seamless Tube (UNS Nos. C17500 and C17510)

    B944 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Welded Heat Exchanger and Condenser Tube (UNS No. C17510)

    B945 Standard Practice for Aluminum Alloy Extrusions Press Cooled from an Elevated Temperature Shaping Process for Production of T1, T2, T5 and T10–Type Tempers

    B950 Standard Guide for Editorial Procedures and Form of Product Specifications for Copper and Copper Alloys

    B984 Standard Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Palladium- Cobalt Alloy for Engineering Use

    C748 Standard Test Method for Rockwell Hardness of Graphite Materials

    C805/C805M Standard Test Method for Rebound Number of Hardened Concrete

    C1012/C1012M Standard Test Method for Length Change of Hydraulic-Cement Mortars Exposed to a Sulfate Solution

    C1138M Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Concrete (Underwater Method)

    C1624 Standard Test Method for Adhesion Strength and Mechanical Failure Modes of Ceramic Coatings by Quantitative Single Point Scratch Testing

    D116 Standard Test Methods for Vitrified Ceramic Materials for Electrical Applications

    D785 Standard Test Method for Rockwell Hardness of Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials

    D2344/D2344M Standard Test Method for Short-Beam Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials and Their Laminates

    D4383 Standard Specification for Plowable, Raised Retroreflective Pavement Markers

    D4830/D4830M Standard Test Methods for Characterizing Thermoplastic Fabrics Used in Roofing and Waterproofing

    D5731 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Point Load Strength Index of Rock and Application to Rock Strength Classifications

    D6079 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Lubricity of Diesel Fuels by the High-Frequency Reciprocating Rig (HFRR)

    D6264/D6264M Standard Test Method for Measuring the Damage Resistance of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composite to a Concentrated Quasi-Static Indentation Force

    D7136/D7136M Standard Test Method for Measuring the Damage Resistance of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite to a Drop-Weight Impact Event

    D7264/D7264M Standard Test Method for Flexural Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials

    D7332/D7332M Standard Test Method for Measuring the Fastener Pull-Through Resistance of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite

    D7336/D7336M Standard Test Method for Static Energy Absorption Properties of Honeycomb Sandwich Core Materials

    D7625 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Determination of Abrasiveness of Rock Using the CERCHAR Method

    D7688 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Lubricity of Diesel Fuels by the High-Frequency Reciprocating Rig (HFRR) by Visual Observation

    E110 Standard Test Method for Rockwell and Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials by Portable Hardness Testers

    E140 Standard Hardness Conversion Tables for Metals Relationship Among Brinell Hardness, Vickers Hardness, Rockwell Hardness, Superficial Hardness, Knoop Hardness, Scleroscope Hardness, and Leeb Hardness

    E290 Standard Test Methods for Bend Testing of Material for Ductility

    E604 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Tear Testing of Metallic Materials

    F15 Standard Specification for Iron-Nickel-Cobalt Sealing Alloy

    F30 Standard Specification for Iron-Nickel Sealing Alloys

    F31 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Iron Sealing Alloys

    F75 Standard Specification for Cobalt-28 Chromium-6 Molybdenum Alloy Castings and Casting Alloy for Surgical Implants (UNS R30075)

    F116 Standard Specification for Medical Screwdriver Bits

    F138 Standard Specification for Wrought 18Chromium-14Nickel-2.5Molybdenum Stainless Steel Bar and Wire for Surgical Implants (UNS S31673)

    F139 Standard Specification for Wrought 18Chromium-14Nickel-2.5Molybdenum Stainless Steel Sheet and Strip for Surgical Implants (UNS S31673)

    F256 Standard Specification for Chromium-Iron Sealing Alloys with 18 or 28 Percent Chromium

    F364 Standard Specification for Molybdenum Flattened Wire for Electron Tubes 

    F467M Standard Specification for Nonferrous Nuts for General Use (Metric)

    F467 Standard Specification for Nonferrous Nuts for General Use

    F468 Standard Specification for Nonferrous Bolts, Hex Cap Screws, Socket Head Cap Screws, and Studs for General Use

    F468M Standard Specification for Nonferrous Bolts, Hex Cap Screws, and Studs for General Use (Metric)

    F519 Standard Test Method for Mechanical Hydrogen Embrittlement Evaluation of Plating/Coating Processes and Service Environments

    F541 Standard Specification for Alloy Steel Eyebolts

    F561 Standard Practice for Retrieval and Analysis of Medical Devices, and Associated Tissues and Fluids

    F606 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Externally and Internally Threaded Fasteners, Washers, Direct Tension Indicators, and Rivets

    F606M Standard Test Methods for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Externally and Internally Threaded Fasteners, Washers, and Rivets (Metric)

    F620 Standard Specification for Titanium Alloy Forgings for Surgical Implants in the Alpha Plus Beta Condition

    F621 Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Forgings for Surgical Implants

    F680 Standard Test Methods for Nails

    F688 Standard Specification for Wrought Cobalt-35Nickel-20Chromium-10Molybdenum Alloy Plate, Sheet, and Foil for Surgical Implants (UNS R30035)

    F799 Standard Specification for Cobalt-28Chromium-6Molybdenum Alloy Forgings for Surgical Implants (UNS R31537, R31538, R31539)

    F835 Standard Specification for Alloy Steel Socket Button and Flat Countersunk Head Cap Screws

    F837 Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Socket Head Cap Screws

    F837M Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Socket Head Cap Screws [Metric]

    F879 Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Socket Button and Flat Countersunk Head Cap Screws

    F879M Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Socket Button and Flat Countersunk Head Cap Screws (Metric)

    F880M Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Socket Set Screws (Metric)

    F880 Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Socket, Square Head, and Slotted Headless-Set Screws

    F917 Standard Specification for Commercial Food Waste Disposers

    F961 Standard Specification for 35Cobalt-35Nickel-20Chromium-10Molybdenum Alloy Forgings for Surgical Implants (UNS R30035)

    F1026 Standard Specification for General Workmanship and Performance Measurements of Hemostatic Forceps

    F1058 Standard Specification for Wrought 40Cobalt-20Chromium-16Iron-15Nickel-7Molybdenum Alloy Wire and Strip for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R30003 and UNS R30008)

    F1079 Standard Specification for Inserted and Noninserted Surgical Scissors

    F1314 Standard Specification for Wrought Nitrogen Strengthened 22 Chromium–13 Nickel–5 Manganese–2.5 Molybdenum Stainless Steel Alloy Bar and Wire for Surgical Implants (UNS S20910)

    F1325 Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Suture Needle Holders-General Workmanship Requirements and Corresponding Test Methods

    F1330 Standard Guide for Metallic Abrasive Blasting to Descale the Interior of Pipe

    F1466 Standard Specification for Iron-Nickel-Cobalt Alloys for Metal-to-Ceramic Sealing Applications

    F1537 Standard Specification for Wrought Cobalt-28Chromium-6Molybdenum Alloys for Surgical Implants (UNS R31537, UNS R31538, and UNS R31539)

    F1586 Standard Specification for Wrought Nitrogen Strengthened 21Chromium-10Nickel-3Manganese-2.5Molybdenum Stainless Steel Alloy Bar for Surgical Implants (UNS S31675)

    F1613 Standard Specification for Surgical Tissue/Dressing/Pick-Up Forceps (Thumb Type)

    F1684 Standard Specification for Iron-Nickel and Iron-Nickel-Cobalt Alloys for Low Thermal Expansion Applications

    F1807 Standard Specification for Metal Insert Fittings Utilizing a Copper Crimp Ring for SDR9 Cross-linked Polyethylene (PEX) Tubing and SDR9 Polyethylene of Raised Temperature (PE-RT) Tubing

    F1865 Standard Specification for Mechanical Cold Expansion Insert Fitting With Compression Sleeve for Cross-linked Polyethylene (PEX) Tubing

    F1940 Standard Test Method for Process Control Verification to Prevent Hydrogen Embrittlement in Plated or Coated Fasteners

    F1961 Standard Specification for Metal Mechanical Cold Flare Compression Fittings with Disc Spring for Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Tubing

    F1974 Standard Specification for Metal Insert Fittings for Polyethylene/Aluminum/Polyethylene and Crosslinked Polyethylene/Aluminum/Crosslinked Polyethylene Composite Pressure Pipe

    F2098 Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Clamps for Securing SDR9 Cross-linked Polyethylene (PEX) Tubing to Metal Insert and Plastic Insert Fittings

    F2162 Standard Specification for Bearing, Roller, Needle: Drawn Outer Ring, Full Complement, Without Inner Ring, Open and Closed End, Standard Type

    F2163 Standard Specification for Ring, Bearing, Inner: for Needle Roller Bearing With Drawn Outer Ring

    F2215 Standard Specification for Balls, Bearings, Ferrous and Nonferrous for Use in Bearings, Valves, and Bearing Applications

    F2229 Standard Specification for Wrought, Nitrogen Strengthened 23Manganese-21Chromium-1Molybdenum Low-Nickel Stainless Steel Alloy Bar and Wire for Surgical Implants (UNS S29108)

    F2246 Standard Specification for Bearing, Roller, Needle: Thick Outer Ring With Rollers and Cage

    F2430 Standard Specification for Bearing, Roller, Needle: Assembly (Thick Outer Race)

    F2431 Standard Specification for Ring Bearing, Inner: For Needle Roller Bearing with Thick Outer Ring

    F2434 Standard Specification for Metal Insert Fittings Utilizing a Copper Crimp Ring for SDR9 Cross-linked Polyethylene (PEX) Tubing and SDR9 Cross-linked Polyethylene/Aluminum/Cross-linked Polyethylene (PEX-AL-PEX) Tubing

    F2443 Standard Specification for Roller, Bearing, Needle, Ferrous, Solid, Spherical End

    F2511 Standard Specification for Rollers, Bearing, Needle, Ferrous, Solid

    F2581 Standard Specification for Wrought Nitrogen Strengthened 11Manganese-17Chromium-3Molybdenum Low-Nickel Stainless Steel Alloy Bar and Wire for Surgical Implants (UNS S29225)

    F2924 Standard Specification for Additive Manufacturing Titanium-6 Aluminum-4 Vanadium with Powder Bed Fusion

    F2929 Standard Specification for Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Tubing of 0.070 in. Wall and Fittings for Radiant Heating Systems up to 75 psig

    F3042 Standard Specification for Nonferrous Hex Socket, Slotted Headless, and Square Head Set Screws

    F3055 Standard Specification for Additive Manufacturing Nickel Alloy (UNS N07718) with Powder Bed Fusion

    F3056 Standard Specification for Additive Manufacturing Nickel Alloy (UNS N06625) with Powder Bed Fusion

    G81 Standard Test Method for Jaw Crusher Gouging Abrasion Test


    Referenced ASTM Standards The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    A623M Specification for Tin Mill Products, General Requirements [Metric]

    A623 Specification for Tin Mill Products, General Requirements

    B19 Specification for Cartridge Brass Sheet, Strip, Plate, Bar, and Disks

    B36/B36M Specification for Brass Plate, Sheet, Strip, And Rolled Bar

    B96/B96M Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar for General Purposes and Pressure Vessels

    B103/B103M Specification for Phosphor Bronze Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

    B121/B121M Specification for Leaded Brass Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

    B122/B122M Specification for Copper-Nickel-Tin Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver), and Copper-Nickel Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

    B130 Specification for Commercial Bronze Strip for Bullet Jackets

    B134/B134M Specification for Brass Wire

    B152/B152M Specification for Copper Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Rolled Bar

    B370 Specification for Copper Sheet and Strip for Building Construction

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E92 Test Method for Vickers Hardness of Metallic Materials

    E140 Hardness Conversion Tables for Metals Relationship Among Brinell Hardness, Vickers Hardness, Rockwell Hardness, Superficial Hardness, Knoop Hardness, Scleroscope Hardness, and Leeb Hardness

    E384 Test Method for Knoop and Vickers Hardness of Materials

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method