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1.1 This practice covers tests in which solid specimens are eroded or otherwise damaged by repeated discrete impacts of liquid drops or jets. Among the collateral forms of damage considered are degradation of optical properties of window materials, and penetration, separation, or destruction of coatings. The objective of the tests may be to determine the resistance to erosion or other damage of the materials or coatings under test, or to investigate the damage mechanisms and the effect of test variables. Because of the specialized nature of these tests and the desire in many cases to simulate to some degree the expected service environment, the promulgation of a method is not deemed practicable. This practice gives guidance in setting up a test, and specifies test and analysis procedures and reporting requirements that can be followed even with quite widely differing materials, test facilities, and test conditions. It also provides a standardized scale of erosion resistance numbers applicable to metals and other structural materials. It serves, to some degree, as a tutorial on liquid impingement erosion.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The inch-pound units in parentheses are provided for information.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1003 Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics
E92 Test Method for Vickers Hardness of Metallic Materials
E140 Hardness Conversion Tables for Metals Relationship Among Brinell Hardness, Vickers Hardness, Rockwell Hardness, Superficial Hardness, Knoop Hardness, and Scleroscope Hardness
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E179 Guide for Selection of Geometric Conditions for Measurement of Reflection and Transmission Properties of Materials
G1 Practice for Preparing, Cleaning, and Evaluating Corrosion Test Specimens
G32 Test Method for Cavitation Erosion Using Vibratory Apparatus
G40 Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion
G134 Test Method for Erosion of Solid Materials by Cavitating Liquid Jet
Military StandardsMIL-P-8184 Plastic Sheet, Acrylic, Modified
ICS Number Code 19.060 (Mechanical testing); 77.060 (Corrosion of metals)
UNSPSC Code 41114612(Impact testers)