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1.1 This specification relates to possible hazards that may not be recognized readily by the public and that may be encountered in the normal use for which a toy is intended or after reasonably foreseeable abuse. It does not purport to cover every conceivable hazard of a particular toy. This specification does not cover product performance or quality, except as related to safety. Except for the labeling requirements pointing out the functional hazards and age range for which the toy is intended, this specification has no requirements for those aspects of a toy that present an inherent and recognized hazard as part of the function of the toy. Such an example is a sharp point necessary for the function of a needle. The needle is an inherent hazard that is well understood by the purchaser of a toy sewing kit, and this hazard is communicated to the user as part of the normal educational process.
1.2 On the other hand, while a riding toy has inherent hazards associated with its use (for example, falling off onto the sidewalk), the possible hazards associated with its construction (sharp edges, exposed mechanisms, etc.) will be minimized by the application of this specification.
1.3 This specification covers requirements and contains test methods for toys intended for use by children under 14 years of age. Different age limits for various requirements will be found in this specification. These limits reflect the nature of the hazards and expected mental or physical ability, or both, of a child to cope with the hazards.
1.4 Articles not covered by this specification are as follows: Bicycles Tricycles Sling shots and sharp-pointed darts Playground equipment on-powder guns Kites Hobby and craft items in which the finished item is not primarily of play value Model kits in which the finished item is not primarily of play value Crayons, paints, chalks, and other similar art materials in which the material itself or the finished item is not primarily of play value, except that all art materials, whether or not a component of a toy, must comply toLHAMA, in accordance with .Sporting goods, camping goods, athletic equipment, musical instruments, and furniture; however, toys that are their counterparts are covered. (It is recognized that there is often a fine line between, for example, a musical instrument or a sporting item and its toy counterpart. The intention of the producer or distributor, as well as normal use and reasonably foreseeable abuse, deter-mines whether the item is a toy counterpart.) Powered models of aircraft, rockets, boats, and land vehicles; however, toys that are their counterparts are covered.
1.5 General guidelines for age labeling toys and toy packaging are contained in Annex A1.
1.6 Information regarding packaging and shipping is contained in Annex A2.
1.7 This consumer safety specification includes the following sections:
1.8 The values stated first are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D374 Test Methods for Thickness of Solid Electrical Insulation
D642 Test Method for Determining Compressive Resistance of Shipping Containers, Components, and Unit Loads
D880 Test Method for Impact Testing for Shipping Containers and Systems
D999 Test Methods for Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D2240 Test Method for Rubber Property--Durometer Hardness
D3421 Recommended Practice for Extraction and Determination of Plasticizer Mixtures from Vinyl Chloride Plastics
D4236 Practice for Labeling Art Materials for Chronic Health Hazards
D5276 Test Method for Drop Test of Loaded Containers by Free Fall
F404 Consumer Safety Specification for High Chairs
F406 Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs/Play Yards
F834 Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Chests
F1148 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Home Playground Equipment
F1313 Specification for Volatile N-Nitrosamine Levels in Rubber Nipples on Pacifiers
F2264 Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Powered Scooters
F2641 Consumer Safety Specification for Recreational Powered Scooters and Pocket Bikes
F2853 Test Method for Determination of Lead in Paint Layers and Similar Coatings or in Substrates and Homogenous Materials by Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Using Multiple Monochromatic Excitation Beams
F2923 Specification for Consumer Product Safety for Childrens Jewelry
ANSI StandardsZ315.1 Safety Requirements for Tricycles
ICS Number Code 97.200.50 (Toys)