ASTM F2291-06a

    Standard Practice for Design of Amusement Rides and Devices

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    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice establishes criteria for the design of amusement rides, devices and major modifications to amusement rides and devices manufactured after the effective date of publication except as noted in .

    1.2 This practice shall not apply to:

    1.2.1 Patron directed amusement rides or devices (for example, go karts, bumper cars, bumper boats),

    1.2.2 Artificial climbing walls,

    1.2.3 Air-supported structures,

    1.2.4 dry slides,

    1.2.5 coin operated rides,

    1.2.6 Amusement rides or devices that involve the purposeful immersion of the patron's body partially or totally in the water and involves more than incidental patron water contact (for example, pools, water slides, lazy rivers, interactive aquatic play devices),

    1.2.7 Amusement rides and devices whose design criteria are specifically addressed in another ASTM standard,

    1.2.8 Portions of an amusement ride or device unaffected by a major modification,

    1.2.9 Upgrades to electrical wiring, electrical motors and electrical components of amusement rides and devices provided the original design and safety criteria are maintained or enhanced, and

    1.2.10 Pre-existing designs manufactured after the effective date of publication of this practice if the design is service proven or previously compliant and the manufacturer provides:

    A historical summary of the amusement ride, device or major modification, and

    A statement that the design is service proven or previously compliant as specified by Section .

    1.2.11 Amusement rides and devices, and major modifications to amusement rides and devices may qualify as "previously compliant" for five years following the date of publication of this practice. Thereafter, amusement rides and devices, and major modifications to amusement rides and devices must qualify as "service proven" or meet the requirements of this practice.

    1.3 This practice includes an annex (mandatory), which provides additional information (for example, rationale, background, interpretations, drawings, commentary, and so forth) to improve the user's understanding and application of the criteria presented in this practice. The annex information shall be interpreted as mandatory design criteria.

    1.4 This practice includes an appendix (non-mandatory), which provides additional information (for example, rationale, background, interpretations, drawings, commentary, and so forth.) to improve the user's understanding and application of the criteria presented in this practice. The appendix information shall not be interpreted as mandatory design criteria.

    This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    Factory Mutual Standard

    FM6930 Flammability Classification of Industrial Fluids

    Federal Documents

    FMVSSNo.213 Child Restraint Systems Available from National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 1200 New Jersey Ave., SE, West Building, Washington, DC 20590, http://www.nhtsa.gov.

    USDA-72 U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, The Wood Handbook--Wood As An Engineering Material, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory Available from U.S. Government Printing Office Superintendent of Documents, 732 N. Capitol St., NW, Mail Stop: SDE, Washington, DC 20401.

    ASTM Standards

    F770 Practice for Ownership, Operation, Maintenance, and Inspection of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F1159 Practice for Design and Manufacture of Patron Directed, Artificial Climbing Walls, Dry Slide, Coin Operated and Purposeful Water Immersion Amusement Rides and Devices and Air-Supported Structures

    F1193 Practice for Quality, Manufacture, and Construction of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F2137 Practice for Measuring the Dynamic Characteristics of Amusement Rides and Devices

    ACI Standards

    ACI-301 Specifications for Structural Concrete

    ACI-318 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI-318) and Commentary (318R)

    AFPA, American Wood Council Standard

    NDS2005 National Design Specification for Wood Construction

    NDS National Design Standard for ASD Design

    AISC Manuals

    AISC316 Manual on Steel Construction, Allowable Stress Design (ASD)

    AISCM015 Manual on Steel Construction, Load & Resistance Factor Design (LRFD)

    ANSI Standards

    ANSI/AISC360-05 Specifications for Structural Steel Buildings

    ANSIB11.TR3 Risk Assessment and Risk Reduction--A Guide to Estimate, Evaluate, and Reduce Risks Associated with Machine Tools

    ANSIB77.1 Passenger Ropeways--Aerial Tramways, Aerial Lifts, Surface Lifts, Tows and Conveyors--Safety Requirements

    ANSIB93.114M Pneumatic Fluid Power--Systems Standard for Industrial Machinery

    ANSIY32.10 Graphic Symbols for Fluid Power Diagrams

    ASCE Standard

    ASCE16 Standard for Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) for Engineered Wood Construction

    ASCE7 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures

    ASCE/SEI7-05 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures

    ASM Documents

    ASMAtlasofFatigueCur

    ASMHandbookVolume19: Fatigue and Fracture

    ASME Standards

    ASMEA17.1 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators

    ASMEB15.1 Safety Standards for Mechanical Power Transmission Apparatus

    ASMEBoilerandPressur

    AWS Standards

    ANSI/AWSD1.1/D1.1M Structural Welding Code--Steel

    ANSI/AWSD14.4 Specification for Welded Joints in Machinery and Equipment

    BSI Standards

    BS5400-10 Steel, Concrete and Composite Bridges--Code of Practice for Fatigue

    BS7608 Code of Practice for Fatigue Design and Assessment of Steel Structures

    Building Codes

    InternationalBuildin Chapter 16, Structural Design

    NationalBuildingCode Companion-action load combinations

    CISC Document

    HallowStructuralSect

    DIN Standards

    DIN1055-100 Load combinations

    DIN1055 Actions on structures, Parts 1-7

    DIN15018-1 Cranes; Steel Structures; Verification and Analyses Data

    DINEN1074 Valves for water supply - Fitness for purpose requirements and appropriate verification tests

    EN Standards

    EN1050 Safety of Machinery--Principles for Risk Assessment

    EN1991 Eurocode 1: Actions on structures

    EN1992 Eurocode 2: Design of concrete

    EN1993 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures

    EN1994 Eurocode 4: Design of composite steel and concrete structures

    EN1995 Eurocode 5: Design of timber structures

    EN280 Mobile Elevating Work Platforms--Design Calculations, Stability Criteria, Construction, Safety, Examinations, and Tests

    EN60947-1 Low-Voltage Switchgear and Controlgear

    EN954-1 Safety of Machinery--Safety Related Parts of Control Systems--General Principles for Design


    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 90151700(Amusement parks)


    DOI: 10.1520/F2291-06A

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