ASTM F2291-06a

    Historical Standard: ASTM F2291-06a Standard Practice for Design of Amusement Rides and Devices

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    ASTM F2291

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice establishes criteria for the design of amusement rides, devices and major modifications to amusement rides and devices manufactured after the effective date of publication except as noted in .

    1.2 This practice shall not apply to:

    1.2.1 Patron directed amusement rides or devices (for example, go karts, bumper cars, bumper boats),

    1.2.2 Artificial climbing walls,

    1.2.3 Air-supported structures,

    1.2.4 dry slides,

    1.2.5 coin operated rides,

    1.2.6 Amusement rides or devices that involve the purposeful immersion of the patron's body partially or totally in the water and involves more than incidental patron water contact (for example, pools, water slides, lazy rivers, interactive aquatic play devices),

    1.2.7 Amusement rides and devices whose design criteria are specifically addressed in another ASTM standard,

    1.2.8 Portions of an amusement ride or device unaffected by a major modification,

    1.2.9 Upgrades to electrical wiring, electrical motors and electrical components of amusement rides and devices provided the original design and safety criteria are maintained or enhanced, and

    1.2.10 Pre-existing designs manufactured after the effective date of publication of this practice if the design is service proven or previously compliant and the manufacturer provides:

    A historical summary of the amusement ride, device or major modification, and

    A statement that the design is service proven or previously compliant as specified by Section .

    1.2.11 Amusement rides and devices, and major modifications to amusement rides and devices may qualify as "previously compliant" for five years following the date of publication of this practice. Thereafter, amusement rides and devices, and major modifications to amusement rides and devices must qualify as "service proven" or meet the requirements of this practice.

    1.3 This practice includes an annex (mandatory), which provides additional information (for example, rationale, background, interpretations, drawings, commentary, and so forth) to improve the user's understanding and application of the criteria presented in this practice. The annex information shall be interpreted as mandatory design criteria.

    1.4 This practice includes an appendix (non-mandatory), which provides additional information (for example, rationale, background, interpretations, drawings, commentary, and so forth.) to improve the user's understanding and application of the criteria presented in this practice. The appendix information shall not be interpreted as mandatory design criteria.

    This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    EN Standards

    EN 1050 Safety of Machinery--Principles for Risk Assessment

    EN 1991 Eurocode 1: Actions on structures

    EN 1992 Eurocode 2: Design of concrete

    EN 1993 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures

    EN 1994 Eurocode 4: Design of composite steel and concrete structures

    EN 1995 Eurocode 5: Design of timber structures

    EN 280 Mobile Elevating Work Platforms--Design Calculations, Stability Criteria, Construction, Safety, Examinations, and Tests

    EN 60947-1 Low-Voltage Switchgear and Controlgear

    EN 954-1 Safety of Machinery--Safety Related Parts of Control Systems--General Principles for Design

    ASME Standards

    ASME A17.1 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators

    ASME B15.1 Safety Standards for Mechanical Power Transmission Apparatus

    ASME Boiler and Pres

    DIN Standards

    DIN 1055-100 Load combinations

    DIN 1055 Actions on structures, Parts 1-7

    DIN 15018-1 Cranes; Steel Structures; Verification and Analyses Data

    DIN EN 1074 Valves for water supply - Fitness for purpose requirements and appropriate verification tests

    CISC Document

    Hallow Structural Se

    Building Codes

    International Buildi Chapter 16, Structural Design

    National Building Co Companion-action load combinations

    BSI Standards

    BS 5400-10 Steel, Concrete and Composite Bridges--Code of Practice for Fatigue

    BS 7608 Code of Practice for Fatigue Design and Assessment of Steel Structures

    AWS Standards

    ANSI/AWS D1.1/D1.1M Structural Welding Code--Steel

    ANSI/AWS D14.4 Specification for Welded Joints in Machinery and Equipment

    ASM Documents

    ASM Atlas of Fatigue

    ASM Handbook Volume Fatigue and Fracture

    ANSI Standards

    ANSI/AISC 360-05 Specifications for Structural Steel Buildings

    ANSI B11.TR3 Risk Assessment and Risk Reduction--A Guide to Estimate, Evaluate, and Reduce Risks Associated with Machine Tools

    ANSI B77.1 Passenger Ropeways--Aerial Tramways, Aerial Lifts, Surface Lifts, Tows and Conveyors--Safety Requirements

    ANSI B93.114M Pneumatic Fluid Power--Systems Standard for Industrial Machinery

    ANSI Y32.10 Graphic Symbols for Fluid Power Diagrams

    ASCE Standard

    ASCE 16 Standard for Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) for Engineered Wood Construction

    ASCE 7 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures

    ASCE/SEI 7-05 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures

    AFPA, American Wood Council Standard

    NDS 2005 National Design Specification for Wood Construction

    NDS National Design Standard for ASD Design

    ACI Standards

    ACI-301 Specifications for Structural Concrete

    ACI-318 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI-318) and Commentary (318R)

    ASTM Standards

    F770 Practice for Ownership, Operation, Maintenance, and Inspection of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F1159 Practice for Design and Manufacture of Patron Directed, Artificial Climbing Walls, Dry Slide, Coin Operated and Purposeful Water Immersion Amusement Rides and Devices and Air-Supported Structures

    F1193 Practice for Quality, Manufacture, and Construction of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F2137 Practice for Measuring the Dynamic Characteristics of Amusement Rides and Devices

    AISC Manuals

    AISC 316 Manual on Steel Construction, Allowable Stress Design (ASD)

    AISC M015 Manual on Steel Construction, Load & Resistance Factor Design (LRFD)

    Factory Mutual Standard

    FM6930 Flammability Classification of Industrial Fluids

    Federal Documents

    USDA-72 U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, The Wood Handbook--Wood As An Engineering Material, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory


    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 90151700(Amusement parks)


    DOI: 10.1520/F2291-06A

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