ASTM E154-08

    Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Retarders Used in Contact with Earth Under Concrete Slabs, on Walls, or as Ground Cover

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    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the properties of flexible membranes to be used as vapor retarders in contact with earth under concrete slabs, against walls, or as ground cover in crawl spaces. The test methods are applicable primarily to plastic films and other flexible sheets. The materials are not intended to be subjected to sustained hydrostatic pressure. The procedures simulate conditions to which vapor retarders may be subjected prior to and during installation, and in service.

    1.2 The test methods included are:

    Section
    Water-Vapor Transmission of Material as Received 7
    Water-Vapor Transmission after Wetting and Drying and after Long-
    Time Soaking
    8
    Tensile Strength 9
    Resistance to Puncture 10
    Resistance to Plastic Flow and Elevated Temperature 11
    Effect of Low Temperatures on Flexibility 12
    Resistance to Deterioration from Organisms and Substances in Con-
    tacting Soil
    13
    Resistance to Deterioration from Petroleum Vehicles for Soil Poisons 14
    Resistance to Deterioration from Exposure to Ultraviolet Light 15
    Resistance to Flame Spread 16
    Report 17

    1.3 The values stated in acceptable metric units shall be considered standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C168 Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation

    C755 Practice for Selection of Water Vapor Retarders for Thermal Insulation

    D828 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Paper and Paperboard Using Constant-Rate-of-Elongation Apparatus

    D882 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting

    D1709 Test Methods for Impact Resistance of Plastic Film by the Free-Falling Dart Method

    D1985 Practice for Preparing Concrete Blocks for Testing Sealants, for Joints and Cracks

    D2565 Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Outdoor Applications

    D4397 Specification for Polyethylene Sheeting for Construction, Industrial, and Agricultural Applications

    E84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials

    E96/E96M Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials

    E241 Guide for Limiting Water-Induced Damage to Buildings

    E437 Specification for Industrial Wire Cloth and Screens (Square Opening Series) (Discontinued 2000) Replaced by E 2016

    E631 Terminology of Building Constructions

    F1249 Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.30 (Concrete and concrete products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12164200(Retarders); 30121704(Concrete slab)


    DOI: 10.1520/E0154-08

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