ASTM C478-97

    Standard Specification for Precast Reinforced Concrete Manhole Sections


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers the manufacture and purchase requirements of products used for the assembly and construction of precast reinforced concrete manholes used in sewer and water works.

    1.2 Part I, Sections 1-11, of this specification presents general requirements and requirements that are common to each precast concrete product covered by this specification.

    1.3 Part II of this specification presents specific requirements for each manhole product in the following sections:

    ProductSection
    Grade Rings12
    Flat Slab Tops13
    Risers and Conical Tops14
    Base Sections15
    Steps and Ladders16

    Note 1—Future products will to be included in Part II in a future revision of this specification.

    1.4 A complete metric companion to this specification has been developed, Specification C 478M; therefore, no metric equivalents are presented in this specification.

    Note 2—This specification is a manufacturing and purchase specification only and does not include requirements for backfill, or the relationship between field load conditions and the strength requirements of the manhole products and appurtenances. Experience has shown, however, that the successful performance of this product depends upon the proper selection of the product strength, type of foundation and backfill, and care in the field installation of the manhole products and connecting pipes. The owner of the project for which these products are specified herein is cautioned to require inspection at the construction site.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A615/A615M Specification for Deformed and Plain Carbon-Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement

    A706/A706M Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Deformed and Plain Bars for Concrete Reinforcement

    A1064/A1064M Specification for Carbon-Steel Wire and Welded Wire Reinforcement, Plain and Deformed, for Concrete

    C33 Specification for Concrete Aggregates

    C39/C39M Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens

    C150 Specification for Portland Cement

    C260 Specification for Air-Entraining Admixtures for Concrete

    C309 Specification for Liquid Membrane-Forming Compounds for Curing Concrete

    C494/C494M Specification for Chemical Admixtures for Concrete

    C497 Test Methods for Concrete Pipe, Manhole Sections, or Tile

    C595 Specification for Blended Hydraulic Cements

    C618 Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete

    C822 Terminology Relating to Concrete Pipe and Related Products

    C989 Specification for Slag Cement for Use in Concrete and Mortars

    C1017/C1017M Specification for Chemical Admixtures for Use in Producing Flowing Concrete

    ACI Standard

    318 Building Code, Requirements for Reinforced Concrete


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.060.30 (Sewage water)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121714(Manhole box)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/C0478-97

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.


    Citation Format

    ASTM C478-97, Standard Specification for Precast Reinforced Concrete Manhole Sections, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2002, www.astm.org

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