ASTM C114-09

    Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Hydraulic Cement

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    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analyses of hydraulic cements. Any test methods of demonstrated acceptable precision and bias may be used for analysis of hydraulic cements, including analyses for referee and certification purposes, as explained in Section 3. Specific chemical test methods are provided for ease of reference for those desiring to use them. They are grouped as Reference Test Methods and Alternative Test Methods. The reference test methods are long accepted classical chemical test methods which provide a reasonably well-integrated basic scheme of analysis for hydraulic cements. The alternative test methods generally provide individual determination of specific components and may be used alone or as alternates and determinations within the basic scheme at the option of the analyst and as indicated in the individual method.

    1.2 Contents:

    SectionSubject
    2Referenced Documents
    3Number of Determinations and Permissible Variations
    3.1Referee Analyses
    3.2Optional Analyses
    3.3Performance Requirements for Rapid Test Methods
    3.4Precision and Bias
    4General
    4.1Interferences and Limitations
    4.2Apparatus and Materials
    4.3Reagents
    4.4Sample Preparation
    4.5General Procedures
    4.6Recommended Order for Reporting Analyses
    Reference Test Methods
    5Insoluble Residue
    6Silicon Dioxide
    6.2Cements with Insoluble Residue Less Than 1 %
    6.3Cements with Insoluble Residue Greater Than 1 %
    7Ammonium Hydroxide Group
    8Ferric Oxide
    9Phosphorus Pentoxide
    10Titanium Dioxide
    11Zinc Oxide
    12Aluminum Oxide
    13Calcium Oxide
    14Magnesium Oxide
    15Sulfur
    15.1Sulfur Trioxide
    15.2Sulfide
    16Loss On Ignition
    16.1Portland Cement
    16.2Portland Blast-Furnace Slag Cement and Slag Cement
    17Sodium and Potassium Oxides
    17.1Total Alkalis
    17.2Water-Soluble Alkalis
    18Manganic Oxide
    19Chloride
    20Chloroform-Soluble Organic Substances
    Alternative Test Methods
    21Calcium Oxide
    22Carbon Dioxide
    23Magnesium Oxide
    24Loss on Ignition
    24.1Portland Blast-Furnace Slag Cement and Slag Cement
    25Titanium Dioxide
    26Phosphorus Pentoxide
    27Manganic Oxide
    28Free Calcium Oxide
    Appendices Title
    Appendix X1Example of Determination of Equivalence Point
    for the Chloride Determination
    Appendix X2CO2 Determinations in Hydraulic Cements


    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See 6.3.2.1 and 14.4.1 for specific caution statements.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C25 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Limestone, Quicklime, and Hydrated Lime

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E275 Practice for Describing and Measuring Performance of Ultraviolet and Visible Spectrophotometers

    E350 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Carbon Steel, Low-Alloy Steel, Silicon Electrical Steel, Ingot Iron, and Wrought Iron

    E617 Specification for Laboratory Weights and Precision Mass Standards

    E832 Specification for Laboratory Filter Papers


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.10 (Cement. Gypsum. Lime. Mortar)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30111601(Cement)


    DOI: 10.1520/C0114-09

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